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老師熬夜整理八下英語知識點

發布時間: 2023-01-29 04:34:39

① 英語八年級下冊知識點總結

高尚的生活是受愛激勵並由知識導引的生活……沒有知識的愛與沒有愛的知識,都不可能產生高尚的生活。接下來我給大家分享關於英語 八年級 下冊知識點,希望對大家有所幫助!

英語八年級下冊知識點1

Unit1 What』s the matter?

【重點單詞】

matter [?m?t?] v. 重要,要緊,有關系

What』s the matter? 怎麼了?出什麼事了?

sore [s?:(r)] adj. 疼痛的,酸痛的

have a cold 感冒

stomach ['st?m?k] n. 胃,腹部

stomachache ['st?m?ke?k] n. 胃痛,腹痛

have a stomachache 胃痛

foot(復數feet) [fu:t] n. 腳

neck [nek] n. 頸,脖子

throat [θr??t] n. 喉嚨

fever ['fi:v?] n. 發燒,發熱

lie [la?] v. 躺,平躺

lie down 躺下

rest [rest] n. 剩餘部分,其餘;放鬆,休息

cough [k?f] n. & v. 咳嗽

X-ray ['eksre?] n. X光,X射線

toothache [?tu:θe?k] n. 牙痛

take one's temperature 量體溫

headache [?hede?k] n. 頭痛

have a fever 發燒

break [bre?k] n. & v. 休息,暫停;打破

take breaks (take a break) 休息

hurt [h?:t] v. 傷害,損害,使受傷

passenger ['p?s?nd??] n. 乘客,旅客

off [?f] adv. prep. 離開(某處);從…去掉

get off 下車

to one's surprise 使…驚訝,出乎…意料

onto [??nt?] prep. 向,朝

trouble [?tr?bl] n. 麻煩,煩擾,問題

hit [hit] n. & v. 碰撞,打,打擊

right away 立即,馬上

get into 陷入,參與

herself [h?:?self] pron. 她自己,她本身(she的反身代詞)

bandage ['b?nd?d?] n. & v. 綳帶;用綳帶包紮

sick [s?k] adj. 患病的,不適的

knee [ni:] n. 膝蓋

nosebleed [?n??zbli:d] n. 鼻出血

breathe [bri:?] v. 呼吸

sunburned [?s?nb?:nd] adj. 曬傷的

ourselves [ɑ:?selvz] pron. 我們自己(we的反身代詞)

climber [?kla?m?(r)] n. 登山者

be used to 習慣於… 適應於…

risk [r?sk] n. & v. 風險,危險;冒險

take risks (take a risk) 冒險

accident [??ksid?nt] n. 意外事件;事故

situation [?sitju?ei??n] n. 狀況,形式,情況

kg=kilogram [?k?l?gr?m] n. 公斤,千克

rock [r?k] n. 岩石

run out (of) 用盡,耗盡

knife [naif] n. 刀,餐刀

cut off 切除

blood [bl?d] n. 血

mean [mi:n] v. 意味著,意思是,意欲

get out of 離開,從… 出來

importance [?m?p?:tns] n. 重要性

decision [d?'s??n] n. 決心,決定,抉擇

control [k?n'tr??l] v. 控制,支配,操縱

be in control of 掌管,管理

spirit ['sp?r?t] n. 勇氣,意志

death [deθ] n. 死亡

give up 放棄

nurse [n?:s] n. 護士

【重點 短語 】

1.have a fever 發燒

2.have a cough 咳嗽

3.have a toothache 牙疼

4.talk too much 說得太多

5.drink enough water 喝足夠的水

6.have a cold 受涼;感冒

7.have a stomachache 胃疼

8.have a sore back 背疼

9.have a sore throat 喉嚨痛

10. take risks 冒險

11.hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的熱茶

12.see a dentist 看牙醫

13.get an X-ray 拍X 光片

14.take one』 s temperature 量體溫

15.put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷葯

16. give up 放棄

17. sound like 聽起來像

18. all weekend 整個周末

19. in the same way 以同樣的方式

20. go to a doctor 看醫生

21. go along 沿著……走

22. on the side of the road 在馬路邊

23. shout for help 大聲呼救

24. without thinking twice 沒有多想

25. get off 下車

26. have a heart problem 有心臟病

27. to one』 s surprise 另某人驚訝的是

28. thanks to 多虧了 ;由於

29. in time 及時

30. make a decision 做出決定

31. get into trouble 造成麻煩

32. right away 立刻;馬上

33. because of 由於

34. get out of 離開;從……出來

35. keep on doing sth. 繼續或堅持做某事

36. put a bandage on sth. 用綳帶包紮

37. fall down 摔倒

38. feel sick 感到惡心

39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血

40. cut his knee 割傷他的膝蓋

41. put her head back 把她的頭向後仰

42. have problems breathing 呼吸困難

43. mountain climbing 登山運動

44. be used to doing sth. 習慣做某事

45. run out (of) 用完;用盡

46. so that 以便

47. so...that... 如此……以至於...…

48. be in control of 掌管;管理

49. in a difficult situation 在閑境中

【重點句型】

1. What's the matter with you?= What'the trouble with you?

= What's wrong with you? 你怎麼了?

2. What should she do? 她該怎麼辦呢?

3.Should I take my temperature? 我應該量一下體溫嗎?

4.You should lie down and rest. 你應該躺下休息一會兒。

5. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你認為它是來自報紙還是書呢?

6. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving.我想我以同樣的姿勢一動不動地坐得太久了。

7. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. 她說這個人有心臟病應該去醫院。

英語八年級下冊知識點2

Unit2 I』ll help to clean up the city parks.

【重點單詞】

clean up 打掃(清除)干凈

cheer [t?i?] v. 歡呼

cheer up 變得更高興,振奮起來

give out 分發,散發

volunteer [?v?l?n?ti?] n. & v. 志願者;義務做

come up with 想出,提出

put off 推遲

sign [sa?n] n. 標記,符號,標牌

notice [?n??t?s] n. & v. 通知,公告;注意到

hand out 分發

call up 打電話給…某人,徵召

used to do sth. 過去常常做某事

lonely ['l??nl?] adj. 孤獨的,寂寞的

care for 照顧,非常喜歡

several [?sevr?l] prep. 幾個,數個,一些

strong [str??] adj. 強壯的,強烈的

feeling [?fi:l??] n. 感覺,感觸

satisfaction [?s?t?s'f?k?n] n. 滿足,滿意

joy [d???] n. 高興,愉快

owner [???n?(r)] n. 所有者,物主

try out 參加…選拔,試用

journey ['d??:n?] n. (尤指長途)旅行,行程

raise [re?z] v. 抬起,舉起,籌集,徵集

alone [??l?un] adv. 獨自地,孤獨地

repair [ri?p??] v. 修理 ,修補

fix [fiks] v. 修理,安裝

fix up 修理,修補

give away 贈送,捐贈

take after (外貌或行為)像

broken ['br??k?n] adj. 破損的,殘缺的

wheel [wi:l] n. & v. 輪子,車輪;旋轉

letter [?let?] n. 信件,字母

Miss [m?s] n. 小姐

set up 建立,設立

disabled [dis?eib?ld] adj. 有殘疾的,喪失能力的

make a difference 影響,有作用

blind [bla?nd] adj. 盲的,盲目的,失明的

deaf [def] adj. 聾的

imagine [??m?d??n] v. 想像,設想

difficulty ['d?f?k?lt?] n. 困難

open [???p?n] v. 打開

door [d?:] n. 門

carry ['k?r?] v. 攜帶,搬運

train [tre?n] v. 訓練,培養

training [?tre?n??] n. 訓練,培訓

excited [?k?sa?t?d] adj. 激動的,興奮的

kindness [?ka?ndn?s] n. 仁慈,善良,親切,善意

clever [?klev?] adj. 聰明的,機靈的

understand [??nd??st?nd] v. 懂,理解

change [t?e?nd?] n. & v. 改變

interest ['?ntr?st] n. & v. 感興趣;興趣

sir [s?:(r)] n. 先生

madam ['m?d?m] n. 夫人,女士

【重點短語】

1.Clean-Up Day 清潔日

2. an old people』s home 養老院

3. help out with sth. 幫助解決困難

4. used to 過去常常......

5. care for 關心;照顧

6. the look of joy 快樂的表情

7. at the age of 在......歲時

8.clean up 打掃(或清除)干凈

9. cheer up (使)變得更高興;振奮

10. give out 分發;散發

11. come up with 想出;提出

12. make a plan 制訂計劃

13. make some notices 做些公告牌

14. try out 試用;試行

15. work for 為…工作;為…. 效力

16. put up 建造;舉起;張貼

17. hand out 分發;散發;發給

18. call up 打電話;召集

19. put off 推遲;延遲

20. for example 比如;例如

21. raise money 籌錢;募捐

22. take after 與......相像;像

23. give away 贈送;捐贈

24. fix up 修理;修補;解決

25. be similar to 與……相似

26. set up 建立;設立

27. disabled people 殘疾人

28. make a difference 影響;有作用

29. be able to 能夠

30. after-school reading program 課外閱讀項目

【重點句型】

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 這個男孩可以在食品救濟站分發食物。

2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 清潔日離現在僅僅兩周的時間。

3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一'家動物醫院當志願者。

4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她決定去參加一個課外閱讀項目的志願者的選拔。

5.You can see in their eyes that they're going on a different journey with each new book. 從他們的眼睛裡你可以看到他們正在進行每本不同的新書之旅。

6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在動物醫院工作的計劃推遲到明年夏天。

7. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 現在的大部分人只是為找一份能掙許多錢的好工作而著急。

8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Luck. 在你的幫助下,我才有可能擁有「幸運兒」。

英語八年級下冊知識點3

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?

【重點單詞】

rubbish [?r?b??] n. 垃圾,廢物

take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

fold [f??ld] v. 對折,折疊

mess [mes] n. 混亂,臟亂,食堂

throw [θr??] v. 扔,投擲

all the time 頻繁,反復

neither [?ni:??] pron.adv. 二者都不;也不

shirt [??:t] n. 運動衫,襯衫

as soon as 一…就…,盡快

pass [pɑ:s] v. 前行,經過,批准

borrow ['b?r??] v. 借,借用

lend [lend] v. 借給,借出

finger [?fi?g?(r)] n. 手指

hate [he?t] v. 憎惡,討厭

chore [t??:(r)] n. 雜務,乏味的工作

while [wail] conj. 當...時候,而,然而

snack [sn?k] n. 小吃,點心,快餐

stress [stres] n. 精神壓力,心理負擔

waste [we?st] v. 浪費,消耗

in order to 目的是,為了

provide [pr?'vaid] v. 提供,供給,供應

anyway [?eniwei] adv. 無論如何,不管怎樣,而且

depend [di?pend] v. 取決於,依靠,依賴

depend on 依靠於

develop [d??vel?p] v. 發展,壯大,開發,研製

independent [?indi?pend?nt] adj. 獨立自主的,不受約束的

independence [??nd?'pend?ns] n. 獨立

fair [f??] adj. 公平的,公正的

unfair [??n?fe?] adj. 不公平的,有偏見的

fairness [?fe?n?s] n. 公正性,合理性

since [s?ns] conj. 因為,既然

neighbor [?ne?b?] n. 鄰居

take care of 照顧,處理

ill [il] adj. 生病的,有病的

drop [dr?p] v. 落下,跌落

【重點短語】

1.go out for dinner 出去吃飯

2.stay out late 在外面待到很晚

3.go to the movies 去看電影

4.get a ride 搭車

5.work on 從事

6.finish doing sth. 完成做某事

7.clean and tidy 干凈整潔的

8.do the dishes 洗餐具

9.take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

10.fold your/the clothes 疊衣服

11.sweep the floor 掃地

12.make your/the bed 整理床鋪

13.clean the livng room 打掃客廳

14.no problem 沒問題

15.welcome sb. 歡迎某人

16.come home from school/work放學/下班回家

17.throw down 扔下

18.sit down 坐下

19.come over 過來

20.take sb. for a walk 帶某人去散步

21.all the time 一直;總是

22.all day/evening 整曰/夜

23.do housework 做家務

24.shout back 大聲回應

25.walk away 走開

26.share the housework 分擔家務

27.a comfortable home 一個舒適的家

28.in surprise 驚訝地

29.get something to drink 拿點喝的東西

30.watch one show 觀看一個節目

31.hang out 閑逛

32.pass sb. sth. 把某物傳給某人

33.lend sb. sth. 把某物借給某人

34.get sth. wet 使某物弄濕

35. hate to do sth. 討厭做某事

36.do chores 做雜務

37.help sb. (to ) d o /with sth?幫助某人干某事

38.bring a tent帶頂帳篷來

39.buy some snacks買些小吃

40.go to the store去商店

41.invite sb. to a party邀請某人參加聚會

42.make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

43.enough stress足夠的壓力

44.a waste of time浪費時間

45.in order to為了

46.get good grades取得好成績

47.mind doing sth. 介意做某事

48.depend on依賴;依靠

49.develop children 』 s independence發展孩子的獨立性

50.look after/take care of 照顧;照看

51.do one』 s part in (doing ) sth. 做某人分內的事

【重點句型】

1.Could you please clean your room? 你能打掃一下你的房間嗎?

2. I have to do some work. 我必須幹些活。

3. Could I use your computer? 我可以用一下你的電腦嗎?

4. She won't be happy if she sees this mess. 如果她看到這樣亂七八糟的話,她會不高興的。

5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. 整整一周,她什麼 家務活 都不幹了,我也一樣。

6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV .我一在電視機前坐下,我媽媽就過來了。

7. I hate to do chores. 我不喜歡做雜務。

英語八年級下冊知識點4

Unit4 Why do』t you talk to your parents?

【重點單詞】

allow [??la?] v. 允許,准許

wrong [r??] adj. 錯誤的

What's wrong? 哪兒不舒服?

midnight ['m?dna?t] n. 午夜,子夜

look through 瀏覽,快速查看

guess [ɡes] v. 猜測,估計

deal [di:l] v. 處理,應付

big deal 重要的事

work out 成功地發展,解決

get on with 和睦相處,關系良好

relation [r??le??n] n. 關系,聯系,交往

communicate [k??mju:nikeit] v. 溝通,通信,通訊

communication [k??mju:n??ke??n] n. 交流,溝通

argue [?ɑ:ɡju:] v. 爭論,爭吵

cloud [kla?d] n. 雲

elder ['eld?(r)] adj. 年級較長的

instead [?n?sted] adv. 代替

whatever [w?t?ev?r] pron. 任何,不管什麼,無論什麼

nervous [?n?:v?s] adj. 緊張不安的

offer ['a:f?r] v. 提供,自願給予

proper [?pr?p?] adj. 合適的,適當的

secondly [?sek?ndli] adv. 第二,其次

explain [?k?sple?n] v. 講解,解釋,說明

clear [kl??] adj. 清晰的,清楚易懂的

[?k?pi] v. 復制

return [r?'t?:n] v. 回來,返回,歸還

anymore ['en?m?:] adv. 不再,再也不

member [?memb?] n. 成員,會員

pressure ['pre??(r)] n. 壓力

compete [k?m'pi:t] v. 比賽,競爭

opinion [??p?nj?n] n. 意見,想法,看法

skill [sk?l] n. 技能,技巧

typical [?t?p?kl] adj. 典型的

football [?f?tb?:l] n. 足球

cut out 刪去,刪除

quick [kw?k] adj. 快的,迅速的

continue [k?n?t?nju:] v. 繼續,連續

compare [k?m'pe?] v. 比較

compare…with 比較,對比

crazy [?kre?z?] adj. 瘋狂的,狂熱的

development [di?vel?pm?nt] n. 發育,成長,發展

cause [k?:z] n. & v. 原因;造成,使發生

usual [?ju:?u?l] adj. 通常的,平常的

in one's opinion 依… 看

perhaps [p??h?ps] adv. 可能,大概,也許

【重點短語】

1.have free time有空閑時間

2.allow sb. to do sth. 允許某人做某事

3.hang out with sb. 與某人閑逛

4. after-school classes課外活動課

5. get into a fight with sb.與某人吵架/打架

6. until midnight直到半夜

7. talk to sb. 與某人交談

8. too many太多

9. study too much學得過多

10. get enough sleep有足夠的睡眠

11. write sb. a letter給某人寫信

12. call sb. up打電話給某人

13. surprise sb. 令某人驚訝

14. look through翻看

15. be angry with sb. 生某人的氣

16. a big deal重要的事

17. work out成功地發展;解決

18. get on with與...相處

19. fight a lot經常吵架/打架

20. hang over籠罩

21. refuse to do sth. 拒絕做某事

22. offer to do sth. 主動提出做某事

23. so that以便

24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事

25. all the time一直

26. in future今後

27. make sb. angry使某人生氣

28. worry about sth. 擔心某事

29. one』 s homework抄襲某人的作業

30. be oneself做自己

31. family members

32. spend time alone獨自消磨時光

33. give sb. pressure給某人施壓

34. have a fight with sb. 與某人吵架

35. compete with sb. 與某人競爭

36. free time activities業余活動

37. get better grades取得更好的成績

38. give one』 s opinion提出某人的觀點

39. learn exam skills學習應試技巧

40. practice sports體育訓練

41. cause stress造成壓力

42. cut out刪除

【重點句型】

1. I studied until midnight last night so I didn't get enough sleep. 我昨晚學習到半夜所以睡眠不足。

2. Why don't you forget about it? 你為什麼不忘掉它呢?

3. Although she's wrong , it,s not a big deal. 雖然她錯了,但這並不是什麼大事兒。

4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he's sorry.他應該跟朋友談談以便他能說聲對不起。

5. Maybe you could go to his house. 也許你可以去他家。

6. I guess I could, but I don't want to surprise him. 我想我可以,但我不想讓他感到驚訝。

英語八年級下冊知識點5

Unit5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?

【重點單詞】

rainstorm [?re?nst?:m] n. 暴風雨

alarm [??lɑ:m] n. 鬧鍾

go off (鬧鍾)發出響聲

begin [b??g?n] v. 開始

heavily [?hev?li] adv. 在很大程度上,大量地

suddenly [?s?d?nli] adv. 突然地

pick up(=pick up the phone) 接電話

strange [stre?nd?] adj. 奇怪的,陌生的,奇特的

storm [st?:m] n. 暴風雨

wind [wa?nd] n. 風

light [la?t] n. & v. 電燈;點燃

report [ri?p?:t] v. 報導, 報告

area ['e?r??] n. 范圍,地域,地區

wood [w?d] n. 樹木,木材,樹木

window [?wind?u] n. 窗戶

flashlight ['fl??la?t] n. 手電筒,火炬

match [m?t?] n. 火柴,比賽

beat [bi:t] v. 敲打,打敗

against [??genst] prep. 反對,對…不利

asleep [??sli:p] adj. 睡著的,熟睡的

fall asleep 進入夢鄉,睡著

die down 逐漸變弱,逐漸消失

rise [ra?z] v. 上升,升起

fallen [?f?:l?n] adj. 倒下的,落下的

apart [??pɑ:t] adv. 分離,分開

have a look 看一看

icy [?a?s?] adj. 覆蓋著冰的,冰冷的

kid [k?d] n. & v. (口語)小孩;開玩笑,欺騙

realize [?ri:?la?z] v. 認識到,了解

make one's way 前往,費力地前進

passage [?p?s?d?] n. 章節,段落

pupil [?pju:pl] n. 學生

completely [k?m?pli:tli] adv. 徹底地,完全地

shocked [??kt] adj. 震驚的,震撼的

silence [?sa?l?ns] n. 寂靜,沉默

in silence 沉默,無聲

recently [?ri:sntli] adv. 不久前,近來,最近

date [de?t] n. 日期,日子

tower [?ta??(r)] n. 塔

at first 首先,最初

truth [tru:θ] n. 真相,真理,事實

【重點短語】

1.make sure 確信;確認

2.beat against... 拍打……

3. fall asleep 進人夢鄉;睡著

4. die down 逐漸變弱;逐漸消失

5. wake up 醒來

6. in a mess 一團糟

7. break...apart 使……分離

8. in times of difficulty 在困難的時候

9. at the time of 當.......時候

10. go off (鬧鍾)發出響聲

11. take a hot shower 洗熱水澡

12. miss the bus 錯過公交車

13. pick up 接電話

14. bring... together 使……靠攏

15. in the area 在這個地區

16. miss the event 錯過這個事件

17. by the side of the road 在路邊

18. the Animal Helpline 動物保護熱線

19. walk by 走路經過

20. make one』s way to.... 在某人去……的路上

21. hear the news 聽到這個消息

22.important events in history 歷史上的重大事件

23.for example 例如

24.be killed 被殺害

25. over 50 50多(歲)

26. a school pupil 一個小學生

27. on the radio 通過廣播

28.in silence 沉默;無聲

29.more recently 最近地;新近

30.the World Trade Center 世貿中心

31.take down 拆除;摧毀

32.have meaning to 對……有意義

33.remember doing sth. 記得做過某事

34.at first 首先;最初

【重點句型】

1. — What were you doing at eight last night? 昨晚8點你在干什麼?

— I was taking a shower. 我在洗淋浴。

2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mom make dinner. 當開始下雨的時候,本正在幫他媽媽做晚飯。

3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping? 琳達在睡覺的時候,珍妮正在干什麼?

— While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework. 琳達在睡覺的時候,珍妮正在幫瑪麗做作業。


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② 初二英語下冊知識點歸納

黑發不知勤學早,白首方悔讀書遲。對於英語,我們需要把陌生的單詞片語和句型語法不斷的熟悉和熟練。因此,重復重復再重復,熟練熟練再熟練,是學會英語的不二法門。下面是我給大家整理的一些初二英語知識點的學習資料,希望對大家有所幫助。

八年級 下冊英語知識點歸納仁愛版

一.重點句型。

1. Anything wrong? 有什麼麻煩嗎?

此句為省略句,完整的 句子 是:Is there anything wrong?

e.g. Is there anything wrong with your head? 你的頭有什麼毛病嗎?

2. I』m sorry to hear that. 很抱歉聽到這個消息。

be sorry to do sth. 很抱歉做某事;

e.g. I』m very sorry to keep you waiting so long. 很抱歉讓你等這么久。

3. What seems to be the problem? 到底是怎麼回事?

4. She is crying in the bathroom because she did badly in the English exam.因為考不好,她在洗手間里哭呢。

badly為副詞,修飾動詞的副詞通常放在被修飾的動詞之後。如:listen carefully, read quickly等。do badly in 在……方面做得不好,與do well in意思相反。

e.g. Why do you think you did so badly in your text? 你認為為什麼你考得這么差?

He did very well in English when he was young. 他小時候就很擅長英語。

5. She is very strict with herself. 她對自己要求很嚴格。

A. be strict with sb. 對……要求嚴格,後面接人作賓語。

e.g. The teacher is strict with us. 老師對我們要求很嚴格。

B. be strict about/in sth. 在……方面要求嚴格;

e.g. His father is strict with him about/in study.

他的父親在學習方面對他要求很嚴格。

6. She feels very lonely because she has no friends to talk with. 她感到很寂寞,因為沒有朋友可以聊天。

八年級英語 知識點仁愛版

give sth. to sb.=give sb. sth.把某物給某人;

pass sth. to sb.=pass sb. sth.把某物傳給某人。

e.g. He will send a postcard to his mother on Mother』s Day

=He will send his mother a postcard on Mother』s Day.

他要在 母親節 那天寄給媽媽一張 賀卡 。

Could you give me that pen?= Could you give that pen to me?

你能把那支鋼筆給我嗎?

He passed the camera to her, so she could take a photo.

=He passed her the camera, so she could take a photo.

他把相機遞給她,好讓她照相。

B. send sb./sth. to do sth. 送某人/物做某事;

e.g. I』ll send some workers to help you.我叫幾個工人去幫助你。

9. You don』t need to worry about the English exam. 你沒必要為英語考試擔心。

need 需要,在此作實義動詞,也可以作情態動詞。

A. need作實義動詞時,同其他實義動詞一樣,有人稱和時態的變化,其疑問和否定形式都要藉助於助動詞do/does/did。

e.g. Do you need any help? 你需要幫忙嗎?

I don』t need your help, thank you. 謝謝,我不需要你來幫助。

B. need在疑問句和否定句中可以作情態動詞並且沒有數和人稱形式變化,後面接動詞原形,其否定形式為need not/need』t。

e.g. He need not take the exam. 他不必參加考試。

10. Try to talk to others, and you』ll be happy again. 試著去和別人談談心,你就會重新快樂起來。

八年級下冊英語知識點復習

Unit1

【 短語 歸納】

1.too much太多 2.lie down躺下

3.see a dentist看牙醫

4.get an X-ray做個X光檢查

5.take one』s temperature量體溫

6.put some medicine on…在…上敷葯

7.have a fever發燒

8.play computer games玩電腦游戲

9.all weekend整個周末

10.take breaks/take a break休息

11 without thinking twice沒多想

12 go to doctor看醫 13.get off下車

14.take sb.to the hospital送某人去醫院

15.wait for等待

16.to one』s surprise使…驚訝的;

17.thanks to多虧;由於 18.in time及時

19.think about考慮

20.have a heart problem患有心臟病

21.get to到達 22.right away立刻;馬上

23.get into trouble造成麻煩(或煩惱)

24.do the right thing做正確的事

25.fall down摔倒 26.play soccer踢 足球

27.put…on sth.把…放在某物上

28.a few幾個;少數 29.come in進來

30.get hit/sunburned被打擊/曬傷

31.be interested in對…感興趣

32.be used to習慣於 33.because of因為

34.take risks/take a risk冒險

35.lose one』s life失去生命


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③ 八年級下冊英語知識點總結

學而不思則罔,思而不學則殆,在我們進入新階段的時候,要對自己過去的思想和行為進行反思,從中得到的體會總結出來,以求與同行共勉。下面是我帶來的是八年級下冊英語知識點總結,希望對您有幫助。

1. hear of 聽說

hear from 收到…的消息/來信

2. take a ride 兜風 go for a ri de

3. end up 結束

4. argue with sb. 與某人爭吵

5. roller coaster 過山車 on board

be themed with 以....為主題

an English-speaking country it』s fun to do sth reason for

P 72

6. a flight attendant 一個機組乘務員 the best way to ...

7. in fact 事實上 a tour guide all over the world 全世界

8. such as 用來「羅列」同類人或物中的幾個例子,可置於被列舉的事物與前面的名詞之間,但其後邊不能用逗號。如:

English is spoken in many countries, such as Australia, Canada and so on.

for example強調「舉例」說明,而且一般只舉同類人或物中的一個作為插入語,且用逗號隔開,可置於句首、句中或句末。如:

There are many kinds of pollution, for example, noise is a kind of pollution

9. think about 考慮

think of 想起;認為

10. rather than 寧可;而不是

would ratherthan句型時要注意「平行結構」,即在than 的前後要用兩個同類的詞或片語,如兩個名詞、兩個不定式、兩個介詞短語等。

prefer後跟動名詞+to+動名詞。有時prefer後面也可跟名詞,

而在would rather之後要求只帶動詞原形。

11. neither…nor… 既不…也不…

P 74

12. three quarters of 四分之三 + 名詞復數/單數 看of後面的名詞而定

Three quarters of cake is eaten。

Three quarters of children are sleeping。

13 on the one hand,… on the other hand,…. 一方面…,另一方面…

14. be asleep 睡著(狀態)

fall asleep 睡著(動作)

Wake up ring the daytime take a holiday all year round

Close to far from

拓展other,others,the other,the others,another,any other,any others

(1)other作形容詞,通常用在單數或復數名詞的前面,意為「別的;其他的.;另外的」。 I'll come again some other day. 我改日再來。

(2)others(=other+復數名詞) 泛指「部分」含義,用於已知的一些人或物中,除去某些後餘下的人或物中的一部分。

The students of Class Four are cleaning the classroom. Some are carrying water,others are sweeping the floor. 四班的學生們在打掃教室。一些人在打水,另一些人在掃地。

(3)the other

the other表示已知的兩個(或兩部分)人或事物中,特指的「另一個」或「另一些」,其後可跟單數或復數名詞。

I have two brothers. One is a doctor,and the other is a teacher.

我有兩個兄弟。一位是醫生,另一位是教師。

(4)the others(=the other+復數名詞)指一定范圍內除去一個或一部分後,「餘下的人或物的全部」。

This composition is better than the others. 這篇作文比其他那些都好。

(5)another泛指不定數中(三者或三者以上)的「另一個」。another前面不能用定冠詞the,它作為限定詞(定語)通常與單數名詞連用,但是它後面可以跟few或基數詞的復數名詞。 This glass is broken,get me another please. 這只玻璃杯壞了,請給我再拿一個。 I'll stay here in another few days. 我要在這兒再呆幾天。

注意:other和another都可以用來修飾數詞,表示「另外的;附加的」,但是結構不同。other的位置是「數詞+other+復數名詞」,相當於more的用法;而another則是「another+數詞+復數名詞」。

今天下午我又寫了兩封信。

I wrote another two letters this afternoon.

=I wrote two other letters this afternoon.

=I wrote two more letters this afternoon.

(6)any other 表示一個之外的其它任何一個,而不是兩個之中的另一個。

(7)any others 表示一些之外的其他一些。

structures

1 Have you ever been to a water park? 你曾經去過水上公園嗎?

No, I haven』t. 不,我沒有。

Me neither. = Neither/Nor have I. 我也沒有。

這是一個否定的省略句。它的結構是「 Neither/Nor + be動詞/助動詞/情態動詞+主語」。而用在肯定的省略句中時要使用so,它的結構是「So+ be動詞/助動詞/情態動詞」。如: I paid 20 yuan for this book.

-- So did I.

2 It was because I could speak English that I got the job.

It』s + 強調成分+ that。。。

Grammar

1. 現在完成時

(1) 用法:動作到現在已經完成或剛剛完成;

過去發生或已完成的動作對現在造成的結果和影響;

過去開始一直持續到現在的動作或狀態。

(2) 基本結構:have/has + V.過去分詞

(3) 時間狀語:already, yet, just, ever, never, once, twice, so far, ever since, for a long time, for + 一段時間, since + 過去的時間點/過去時的從句,等。

(4) 注意事項:

A. 現在完成時是現在的時態,重點表達目前的結果和狀態;

B. 表示動作從過去開始持續到現在用for + 時間段, since +點時間連用。對for與since短語提問用how long。

C. 現在完成時從不與when引起的疑問句聯用。

D. have been to:去過…

have gone to:去了…

have been in:呆在…

E. 短暫性動詞變為延續性動詞:

buy --- have had borrow --- have kept

join --- have been in / have been a member of

become --- have been a member make friends --- have been friends

die --- have been dead get to know --- have known

come/go to do --- have done catch a cold --- have had a cold

begin/start to do --- have done

begin / start --- have been on

enter / come / arrive / get to / reach --- have been in/at

go / leave for / set off / set out --- have been away

from

2. since,for在現在完成(進行)時中的用法差異

(1) since 後接過去的時間點或一般過去時的從句。

He has been an English teacher since three years ago.

We have known each other since we came to study in this university.

(2) for後接時間段

He has lived here for three years.

3. 現在完成時與一般過去時的區別

現在完成時表示過去發生的某一動作對現在造成的影響和結果,強調的是現在的情況,所以它不能和表示過去的時間狀語連用,如:yesterday, last night, three weeks ago, in 1990等。 而一般過去時只表示過去的動作或狀態,和現在不發生了關系,它可以和表示過去的時間狀語連用。如:

He has lived here since 1992. 1992年以來他一直住在這里。(他現在還住在這里) He lived here in 1992. 1992年他住在這里。(並不涉及他現在是否住在這里)

④ 初二英語知識點梳理

每一發奮努力的背後,必有加倍的賞賜。學習外語並不難,學習外語就像交朋友一樣,朋友是越交越熟的,天天見面,朋友之間就親密無間了。不斷重復和熟練,是學會英語的不二法門。下面是我給大家整理的初二英語知識點,希望對大家有所幫助。

八年級 上冊期中知識點英語

1.on weekends在周末 go to the movies去看電影 help with housework幫助做家務 how often多久一次 hardly ever幾乎從不

2.once a week每周一次 twice a week每周兩次 every day每天 use the Internet用互聯網

be free有空 Are you free on weekends?你周末有空嗎?

4.stay up late熬夜at least至少go to bed early早點睡覺play sports進行體育活動

5.after school 放學後 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新鋼筆。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放學後他想去看電視。

want sb to do sth:讓某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.媽媽讓我早起。

7.be good for對……有好處 be bad for 對……有害處

8. play computer games打電子游戲 go camping去 野營 9.ask sb about sth:問某人某事 My parents often ask me about my study.我的父母經常問我的學習情況。

10. in one's spare time在某人業余時間He studies English in his spare time.11.(P13,2b)」數字+percent of+名詞」做主語時,後面的單詞取決於名詞的情況。若名詞為復數,後面的動詞用復數形式;若名詞為單數或不可數名詞,後面的動詞用單數形式。

In our class ,twenty of students are boys. Thirty of water is dirty.

12.not…at all:一點兒也不 (not構成否定句)I don't like the movie at all.

13.go online上網=surf the Internet 14.the answer to+名詞:…的答案

16.the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的()方式

The best way to learn English is speaking English. 學習英語 的 方法 是說英語.

17.such as比如 (後跟名詞或名詞 短語 )for example 例如(後跟 句子 )

He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜歡水果,例如蘋果、香蕉等。

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes.

19.more than (=over)超過,多餘 go to the dentist去看牙醫

八年級上冊英語知識點

本單元的短語和知識點:

1.play+the +樂器 play the drums打鼓 比較play +球類 play basketball打 籃球

both…and…兩者都(後面的動詞用復數形式) Both Tom and Jim are students.

3.be good at+名詞代詞V ing:擅長,在某方面做得好

7.be like:像… The books are like friends.書像朋友。

8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友 enjoy doing sth:喜歡做某事

9.be different from與…不同 My brother is different from me.我弟弟與我不一樣。

10.help sb to (do) sth:幫助某人做某事

常與help sb with sth(在某方面幫助某人)互換 He often helps me (to) learn English.他經常幫助我學習英語。= He often helps me with my English.他經常在英語方面幫助我。

help (to) do sth:幫助做某事He often helps( to)cook at home.他經常在家幫助做飯。

13.be good with sb:與某人相處很好 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可數名詞

八年級下冊英語語法知識點歸納

He said I was hard-working.

重點語法:賓語從句

結構:主語 + 謂語動詞 + 賓語從句(主語 + 謂語動詞 + 賓語/表語)

例句:----Im good at English. He says. (改為加賓語從句的復合句)

----He says Im good at English.

注意:①主句是一般現在時態,賓語從句的時態不受其影響。

例句:He says Im good at English now.

He says I was good at mathematics when I was young.

②主句是過去時態,賓語從句也要用過去時態。

例句:He said I was good at mathematics when I was young yesterday.

He said I was good at English now yesterday.

③賓語從句是客觀真理時永遠用一般現在時態。

例句:Our teacher says 24 hours make a day.

Our teacher said the sun gives us so many energy yesterday.

④動詞原形不能作主語,必須用其 -ing 形式。

例句:She said helping others changed her life.

重點短語:direct speech 直接引語

reported speech = indirect speech 間接引語

first of all = at first 首先

pass on 傳遞

be supposed to do sth. 應該做某事

be good at = do well in 在某方面做得好

in good health 身體健康

get over 克服

open up 打開

care for = take care of = look after 照料;照顧

not any more = not any longer = no longer 不再

have a cold 感冒

初二英語知識點梳理相關 文章 :

★ 初二英語知識點總結

★ 初二英語知識點歸納

★ 10個初二英語重點知識點

★ 初二英語知識點及語法

★ 初二英語語法知識點匯總

★ 初二英語上冊重要知識點歸納

★ 初二英語易錯知識點歸納總結

★ 初二上冊英語知識點

★ 初二英語要點知識歸納總結

★ 初二上冊英語知識點的重點總結

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⑤ 初二下學期英語知識點總結

真正的知識分子該有一副傲骨,不善趨炎附勢。這使他們當中絕大多數顯得個色,總是鶴立雞群,混不進人堆里。下面我給大家分享一些初二下學期英語知識點,希望能夠幫助大家,歡迎閱讀!

初二下學期英語知識點1

1. 短語 動詞小結

常見動詞短語結構有下面幾種:

(1)動詞+副詞 如:give up 放棄;turn off 關掉;stay up 熬夜

這種結構有時相當於及物動詞,如果其賓語是代詞,就必須放在動

詞和副詞之間,如果是名詞,則既可插在動詞和副詞之間,也可放

在短語動詞後。

(2)動詞+介詞 如:listen of 聽;look at 看;belong to 屬於

這種結構相當於及物動詞,後面跟賓語。

(3)動詞+副詞+介詞 如:come up with 提出,想出; run out of 用完,耗盡

(4)動詞+名詞+介詞 如:take part in參加;catch hold of 抓住

2. each 每個,各自的,強調事物的個別情況,常與of 連用

every 每個,每一個的,一切的,有「全體」的意思不能與of 連用

3. help sb. (to) do 幫助某人做某事 help him (to) study

help sb. with sth. 幫助某人做某事 help him with English

help do 幫助做某事 help study

4. spend...doing... 花費…做…

I spent a day visiting Beijing. 我花了一天的時間去參觀北京。

spend… on sth. 花費…在… I spent 3 years on English.

5. join 參加 (指參加團體、組織) 如:join the Party 入黨

take part in 參加 (指參加活動) 如:take part in sports meeting 參加運動會

6. run out 與 run out of

(1)run out (become used up). 其主語往往為物。如時間,食物,金錢,油等,本身就含有被動意義。

His money soon ran out. 他的錢很快就花光了。

Our time is running out. 我們剩下的時間不多了。

(2)run out of 主語為人,表示主動含義。

He is always running out of money before pay day. 他總是在發工資的日子還沒有到就把錢花完了。

兩者在一定條件下可以互換

如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了= We are running out of petrol.

Our time is running out. 我們剩下的時間不多了。= We are running out of time.

7. work out

(1)結局,結果為

The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他提出的這個策略效果很好。

(2)算出,制訂出,消耗完(精力等)

He never seems to be worked out. 他好像永遠不會疲乏似的。

He worked out a plan. 他制訂了一個計劃。

I have worked out our total expenses. 我已經算出了我們總的費用。

8. hang out 閑盪 閑逛

I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜歡和我的朋友一起去購物中心閑盪。

9. be able to do 能,會

be unable to do 不能,不會

10. for sure 確實如此,毫無疑問

You don』t have money. That』s for sure. 你沒有錢,這是毫無疑問的。

11. fill… with… 使…充滿… 用…填充…

She filled the bowl with water. 她用水填滿碗。

12. hand out 分發 hand out bananas

give out 分發 give out sth to sb. 分….給某人

give up doing 放棄… give up smoking 放棄吸煙

give away 贈送 捐贈 give away money to kids

give sb. sth. 給某人某東西 give me money 給我錢

give sth. to sb. 給某人某東西 give money to me 給我線

13. help sb. out 幫助…做事,解決難題(擺脫困境)

I can』t work out this math problem. Please help me out. 我不能算出這道數學問題,請你幫我解決。

14. train n. 火車 v. 訓練

train sb. to do. 訓練某人做某事

She trains her dog to fetch things. 她訓練她的狗去取東西。

15. at once == right away 立刻 馬上 如:

Do it at once. 馬上去做。

I』ll go there at once/ right away. 我馬上去那裡。

16. one day 有一天 (指將來/過去)

some day 有一天(指將來) 如:

One day I went to Beijing. 有一天我去了北京。

Some day I』ll go to Beijing. 有一天我將去北京。

初二下學期英語知識點2

1. arrive at 到達(小地方)

arrive in到達(大地方)

reach 到達

get to 到達

I arrived in Beijing last night. = I reached Beijing last night .

= I got to Beijing last night .

如果賓語是副詞here, there, home, 要把at/in/to省略。

arrive here/there/home

get here/there/home

2. in front of… 在 … 的前面 (某一范圍外的前面)

in the front of … 在 … 的前面(某一范圍內的前面)

There are some big trees in front of the classroom building. 在教室的前面有一些大樹。

I like sitting in the front of the taxi. 我喜歡坐在計程車的前排位置。

3. take off

(1)起飛

When did the plane take off yesterday? 飛機什麼時候起飛?

(2)脫下(衣帽等)

He took off his coat as soon as he went into the room. 他一進房間就脫掉了外套。

(3)取消

They will take off the 5 am train . 他們取消了早上5點的火車。

4. get out (of ) … 從……離開/出去/下來

A car stopped and a girl got out of it.

但從汽車/火車/船/飛機/馬匹上下來, 用get off…

5. follow

(1)跟隨 I followed him up he hill. 我跟著他上了山.

(2)沿著……前進 Follow this road until you get to the post office. 順著這條路一直到郵局.

(3)聽懂,理解 Could you speak more slowly? I can』t follow you. 你能說慢點嗎?我聽不懂。

(4)follow sb. to do sth. 跟著某人做某事

Please follow me to read the story. 請跟我讀這個 故事 。

6. shout at 大聲喊叫,多指因生氣而非善意的大聲叫喊

Don』t shout at the little boy. He is too young. 不要對他大叫,他還太小。

shout to 大聲喊叫,多指因距離遠而不得不大聲叫喊

We should shout to him , or he can』t hear us. 我們應該朝他叫喊,否則他聽不到我們的聲音。

7. happen 發生,具體事件偶然的沒有預見的發生

(1)happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事

I happened to meet one of my old friends in the park yesterday .昨天我在公園碰巧遇見我的一個老朋友。

(2)sth happens to sb. 某人發生了某事

An car accident happened to him last month. 上個月他發生了交通事故.

take place 發生

(1)按計劃進行或按計劃發生

Great changes have taken place in China in recent years. 最近幾年中國發生了巨大的變化.

(2)(運動/ 活動/會議等) 舉行

The meeting will take place next Friday. 運動會將於下星期五舉行。

take the place of 代替, 取代

Plastics can sometimes take the place of wood and metal . 塑料有時能代替木材和金屬.

take one』s place 坐某人的位置, 代替某人的職務

Come to take my place. my seat is near the window . 來做我的位置,我的座位靠近窗戶。

8. anywhere 任何地方,常用於否定句或疑問句中.

Did you go anywhere last night? 你昨天還去了別的地方了嗎?

somewhere 某個地方,用於肯定句。

come and see me. Then we』ll go out somewhere. 來我家找我,然後我們出去逛逛。

everywhere 處處, 到處 = here and there

I can』t find my pen though I looked for it everywhere. 盡管我到處都找過了,還是找不到我的鋼筆。

11. silence 名詞, 寂靜/無聲

There』s nothing but silence in the room. 屋內寂靜無聲。

Keep in silence. 保持沉默.

silent 形容詞, 沉默的, 寂靜的

The old house was quite silent. 這所老房子寂靜無聲。

The cat moved on silent feet. 那隻貓無聲地走動著。

12. hear 聽到

Can you hear someone knocking at the door? 你聽到有人敲門了嗎?

(1)hear of 聽說 , 後接表示人或物的詞

I have never heard of him before. 我以前從來沒有聽說過他。

( 2 ) hear about 聽說, 後接表示事件的名詞

I』ve just heard about his illness. 我剛剛聽說他生病的事。

Have you heard about the accident ? 你聽說了那場事故嗎?

(3)hear from 收到某人的來信

I heard from my daughter in New York yesterday. 我昨天收到在紐約的女兒的來信。

13. 主語 + be + one of the + 形容詞最高級 + 復數名詞 + in / of 短語。

…… 是……中最……的……之一.

This was one of the most important events in modern American history. 這是美國歷史上最重要的事件之一。

Xiamen is one of the most beautiful cities in China. 廈門是中國最漂亮的城市之一。

13. experience

(1)名詞 經驗 , 不可數名詞 ; 經歷, 體驗, 可數名詞

Have you had any experience of fishing? 你有釣魚的經驗嗎?

Could you tell us about your experiences in Africa? 你能給我們談談你在非洲的經歷嗎?

(2)動詞 經歷, 感覺

The children experienced many difficulties this time. 這次孩子們經歷了許多困難.

experienced 形容詞 有經驗的

be experienced in/at doing sth. = have much experience in/at doing sth. 做某事很有經驗.

She is an experienced teacher. 他是一個經驗豐富的教師。

He is very experienced in/at repairing cars. 他修車很有經驗。

14. as … as … 和…… 一樣… 兩個as之間用形容詞或副詞的原形。

He works as carefully as she. 他和她一樣工作認真。

She is as tall as her mother. 她和母親一樣高。

not as… as… 不如某人/某物…

He isn』t as / so old as he looks . 他不像看起來那麼老。

She doesn』t run as / so fast as her brother. 她不如她哥哥跑得那麼快。

15. have fun = have a good/great/wonderful time = enjoy oneself 玩得開心,過得愉快

Did you have fun at the party? 昨天在派對上玩的開心嗎?

= Did you have a good/great/wonderful time ?

= Did you enjoy yourself ?

have fun doing sth. 開心做某事

I』m just having fun playing the guitar . 我正開心的彈吉他呢。

16. accident 事故, 意外遭遇

He was killed in an accident. 他死於一起意外事故.

traffic accident 交通事故

Many people die in traffic accidents every year. 每年有很多人死於交通事故。

by accident 偶然, 意外地

We met at the airport by accident . 我們偶然在機場遇見。

18. think about 考慮 (某個計劃 )

They are thinking about moving to Beijing. 他們考慮搬去北京。

think of 認為 What do you think of the movie?= how do you like the movie? 你認為這部電影怎麼樣?

think over 仔細思考

We need a few days to think over this matter. 我們需要幾天時間來考慮這個事情。

19. 感嘆句

what 引導的感嘆句

(1)What a beautiful girl (she is )! 多麼美的姑娘呀 !

(2)What a clever boy ( he is )! 多麼聰明的男孩呀 !

(3)What interesting pictures ( they are )! 多麼美的圖片呀 !

(4)What tall buildings ( they are )! 多麼高的樓呀 !

(5)What delicious food ( it is ) ! 多麼可口的食物呀 !

(6)What bad weather ( it is ) ! 多麼壞的天氣呀 !

規律:what + ( a/an ) + 形容詞 + 名詞 ( + 主語 + 謂語) + !

名詞為不可數名詞或復數名詞時, 形容詞前面不能有a/an。

how 引導的感嘆句

(7)How heavy the box is! 多麼重的箱子呀!

How fast he runs! 他跑得多快呀!

(8)How careful the girl is! 多麼細心的姑娘呀!

How well she plays the piano! 她的鋼琴彈得多好呀!

20. 過去進行時

過去進行時的用法

(1)過去某一時刻正在進行的動作。

What were you doing at 8:30 this morning? 今天早上8點半你正在做什麼?

When I called him, he was having dinner. 當我打電話給他時,他正在吃飯。

(2)過去某段時間正在進行的動作。

What were you doing from seven to nine yesterday? 你昨天7點到9點在做什麼?

I was reading the whole morning yesterday. 我昨天一整個早上都在看書。

過去進行時的構成

(1)肯定句:主語 + was / were +動詞ing形式 + 時間狀語。

(2)否定句:主語 + was / were + not + 動詞ing形式 + 時間狀語。

(3)疑問句:was / were + 主語 + 動詞ing形式 + 時間狀語 ?

肯定回答:Yes , 主語 + was / were .

否定回答:No, 主語 + was / were + not .

初二下學期英語知識點3

1. It』s +形容詞 + for sb. + to do sth. 做某事對某人來說是…的。

It』s important to do sth. 做某事很重要。

It』s important for me to eat a balanced diet. 平衡飲食對我來說是很重要的.

It』s easy to do sth. 做某事是容易的。

It』s easy for us to find out the answer. 找出答案對我們來說是容易的

2. 情態動詞should的用法

should是情態動詞,它的基本用法是必須和其他動詞一起構成謂語。意為"應該......"。

should(應當,應該)用於所有人稱,表示勸告或建議。

eg. ---I have a very bad cold. 我感冒很厲害。

---You should lie down and have a rest. 你應該躺下,多喝水。

3. maybe與may be

(1)maybe是副詞,譯為「也許、可能」,相當於「perhaps」。如:Maybe he can answer the question. 也許他能回答那個問題。

He maybe is from the USA, too. 他可能也來自美國。

(2)may be中的may為情態動詞,譯為「可能是......」。如:

He may be from the USA, too. 他可能也來自美國。

She may be our English teacher. 她可能是我們的英語老師。

4. few、a few、little、a little的區別和聯系:

(1)few / a few用來修飾可數名詞,few表示否定意義,沒有,幾乎沒有;a few表示肯定意義, 有幾個。 例如:

He has few friends here, he feels lonely. 他這里沒朋友,他感覺寂寞。

There are a few eggs in the basket. 籃子里有幾個雞蛋。

(2)little / a little用來修飾不可數名詞,little表示否定意義,沒有,幾乎沒有; a little 表示肯定意義,有一點兒。 例如:

There is little ink in my bottle. Can you give me a little ink? 我的瓶子里沒有墨水了,你能給我點兒墨水嗎?

5. not…until 直到…(否定句) 才......,動詞為短暫性或瞬間性動詞。

She didn』t leave until we came.

He went shopping after he got up.

=He didn』t go shopping until /before he got up.

...until/till 直到......(肯定句)動詞為延續性動詞

We stayed here till/until 12 o』clock.

初二下學期英語知識點4

1. get

( 1 ) 買

get sth. for sb. = get sb. sth. 為某人買某物

Can you get some fruit for me when you go shopping ?

= Can you get me some fruit when you go shopping ?

( 2 ) 得到,到達

Where did you get the book?

When did you get the letter?

He got home late last night.

(3)使,讓,get + 賓語 + 賓補 使某人/某物怎麼樣

Please get you coat clean.

Get your mouth closed.

get sb. to do sth. 使某人做某事

I got him to call Jim yesterday.

(4)( 逐漸) 變得…...

The weather gets warmer and days get longer .

Why did the teacher get angry ?

2. how about/ what about 後跟名詞/代詞/動詞ing形式。

(1)向對方提出建議或請求

How about going out for a walk?

How about something to eat?

(2)向對方徵求意見或看法

How about the TV play ?

How about buying the house now ?

( 3 ) 詢問天氣或身體情況

How about the weather in Hainan Island ?

How about your parents? Are they living with you ?

( 4 ) 談話中承接上下文

I』m forty years old. How about you?

I』m from Beijing. How about you?

3. receive 收到

The girl was happy to receive many gifts on her birthday .

receive a letter from = get a letter from = heard from收到某人的信

I received a letter from my parents last Sunday .

= I got a letter from my parents last Sunday .

= I heard from my parents last Sunday .

accept 接受

He couldn』t accept our suggestions but our gifts.

She was very glad to receive the invitation.

I received an invitation to the party , but I refused to accept it .

4. a 6-year-old child 一個六歲的孩子

6-year-old 是由「數詞 +名詞 + 形容詞 」 構成的復合形容詞,作前置定語,修飾後面的名詞child。

「數詞+名詞+形容詞」構成的復合形容詞,中間的名詞要用單數形式:

a five-year-old girl 一個五歲的女孩

a two-meter-long ruler 一把兩米長的尺子

a ten-story-high building 一棟十層高的樓房

a two-inch-thick dictionary 一本兩英寸厚的詞典

5. too...to… 太……而不能 ……

too 後跟形容詞或副詞原形, to 後跟動詞原形, 構成不定式, 句子 的主語與動詞不定的主語不一時, 可以在動詞不定式前加邏輯主語for sb。

He is too young to join the army ( 軍隊) . 他年紀太小,不能去參軍。

The math problem is too difficult for me to work out . 這道數學題對我來說太難了,做不出。

too...to…可以與enough to和so…that…轉換.

She is too young to do the work .

= She isn』t old enough to do the work .

Tom is too tired to walk any farther .

= Tom is so tired that he can』t walk any farther .

6. pay , spend , cost , take 的區別

(1)pay 花費 ( 多少錢 ) , 主語是人。 sb. pay some money for sth.

I paid 5000 yuan for the computer last week . 我上個星期花了5000買電腦。

(2)spend 花費 ( 多少錢或時間 ),主語是人。

sb. spend some money on sth.

sb. spend some time ( in ) doing sth.

I spent 5000 yuan on the computer last week .

She spent 2 hours ( in ) doing her homework . 她花了2個小時做作業。

(3)cost 花費 ( 多少錢 ) , 主語是物。

sth. cost sb. some money.

This jacket cost him 200 dollars. 這件夾克衫花費她200美元。

(4)take 花費 (時間 ),主語形式主語為It.

It takes sb. some time to do sth.

花費某人多少時間做某事

How long does it take sb. to do sth? 花費某人多少時間做某事?

It took Liu Hong 2 hours to do her homework. 劉紅花了2個小時做作業。

7. sleep , sleeping, sleepy , asleep , fall asleep , be asleep

(1)sleep 動詞, 睡覺, 強調動作。

I am very tired. I want to sleep. 我很累,想睡覺。

(2)sleeping, sleep 的現在分詞, 表示「 正在睡覺」。

Don』t make so much noise. The baby is sleeping. 不要這么吵,寶寶在睡覺。

(3)sleepy 想睡覺的, 睏倦的。

I am a little sleepy. I』d like to go to bed. 我有點困了,我想去床上睡覺了。

(4)asleep 睡著了的。

The teacher found Tom asleep in class and kept him behind after school. 老師發現湯姆上課睡覺,放學後就把他留了下來。

(5)fall asleep 強調從沒有睡著到睡著的過程, 不能接一段時間。

I couldn』t fall asleep until it was very late last night . 我昨天晚上到很晚才睡著。

(6)be asleep 表示睡著後的狀態 , 「 睡著了」, 可以接一段時間。

He was asleep for three hours. 他睡了3個小時。

8. open

( 1 ) 動詞, 打開 , 開業, 開張, 展現

Would you mind opening the window ? 你介意我把窗戶打開嗎?

( 2 ) 形容詞, be open 開著的, 開放的

On weekends the swimming pool is open to the public. 在周末,這個 游泳 池是對公眾開放的。

9. close 動詞, 關閉, 關上 , 合上

closed 形容詞, be closed 關著的, 關閉的

10. encourage 動詞, 鼓勵, 激勵

encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓勵某人做某事

Parents should encourage children to do things by themselves.

家長們應該要鼓勵孩子們自己動手做事情。

11. progress 名詞, 「 進步, 進展」

make progress 「取得進步, 取得進展」

Tom is now making great progress at school. 湯姆現在在學校的進步很大。

12. take an interest in ( doing ) sth. 對 ( 做 )某事感興趣

否定表達是 take no interest in ( doing ) sth. 對 ( 做 )某事不感興趣

Do you take an interest in English ? 你對英語感興趣嗎?

Most children take an interest in playing computer games. 大多數孩子對電腦游戲很感興趣。

13. make friends with sb. 和某人交朋友

Would you like to make friends with us? 你想和我們交朋友嗎?

初二下學期英語知識點5

1. 關於 to 的短語 總結

have to do sth. 不得不/必須做某事

need to do sth. 需要做某事

hate to do sth. 討厭做某事

like to do sth. 喜歡做某事

want to do sth. 想做某事

love to do sth. 熱愛做某事

forget to do sth. 忘記做某事

start to do sth. 開始做某事

begin to do sth. 開始做某事

ask sb to do sth. 請某人做某事

2. ---Could you please clean your room?

---Yes, sure. / Sorry, I can't. I have to do my homework first.

---Could I please use the car?

---Sure. / Certainly. / Of course. / No, you can't. I have to go out.

在表示請求幫助或請求允許的疑問句中,常用 could 代替 can,以表示禮貌,委婉或不確定的語氣,而 can 則不具備這些語氣。這種情況下不能把 could 看作 can 的過去式。以上兩句中用 could 是為了表示禮貌的請求。表示請求幫助或請求允許時,除了 can, could 之外,還可以用 may,句子的表達方式也各有不同,可以用不同的方式來表示同一個概念。例:

Could / Can / May I use your car for a day?

作允答可以各種各樣:

如同意可以說 Yes,或 Sure 或 Certainly,還可說 Yes, (do) please.或 Of course. (you may / can). 或 That's OK / all right.

如果不同意,可以說 I'm sorry you can't. 或 I'm really sorry, but I have to use it today. 要避免說 No, you can't. 這樣顯得很不禮貌。否定回答通常用委婉語氣。


初二下學期英語知識點總結相關 文章 :

★ 初二英語下冊英語語法知識總結

★ 初二英語下冊各章節知識點歸納

★ 八年級下冊英語知識點總結

★ 初二英語下冊知識點

★ 人教版八年級下冊英語知識點總結

★ 八年級英語下冊知識點筆記

★ 八年級下冊英語重點知識匯總

★ 初二下冊英語人教版知識點

★ 初二英語知識點總結

★ 2017八年級下冊英語重點知識點總結

⑥ 八年級下冊英語知識點歸納

知識是人們前進的最大動力,因為有知識,我們知道我們從哪裡來,也知道我們將要到哪裡去。下面我給大家分享一些 八年級 下冊英語知識歸納,希望能夠幫助大家,歡迎閱讀!

八年級下冊英語知識歸納1

Unti1what』s the matter?

短語 歸納

1.too much 太多 2.liedown 躺下

3.get an X-ray 做個X光檢查 4.take one 』s temperature 量體溫

5.put some medicine on ......在....上敷葯 6.have a fever 發燒

7.take breaks/take a break 休息 8.without thinking twice 沒多想

9.get off 下車 10.take sb to the hospital 送某人去醫院

11.wait for等待 12.to one』s surprise 使.......驚訝的

13.thanks to多虧於;由於 14.in time及時

15.think about 考慮 16.havea heart problem患有心臟病

17.get into the trouble 遇到麻煩 18.do the right thing做正確的事情事情

19.fall down 摔倒 20.put ...... on sth把...放在某物上

21.get hit/sunburned 摔傷/燒傷 22.be interested in 對.....感興趣

23.be used to 習慣於.... 24.take risks/take a risk 挑戰

25.lose one』slife 失去生命 26.because of 因為

27.run out of 用完 28.cut off 切除

29.get out of 從...出來 30.make adecision/decisions 做決定

31.be in control of 掌管;管理 32.give up 放棄

用法歸納

1.need to do sth .需要去做某事 2.see sb doing sth 看見某人正在做某事

3.ask sb sth 詢問某人某事 4.expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事

5.agree to do sth 同意做某事 6.help sb (to) do sth 幫助某人做某事

7.want to do sth 想要做某事 8.tell sb to do sth 告訴某人做某事

9.have problems(in) doing sth 做某事有困難 10.use sth to do sth用某物去做某事

11.be/get used to doing sth 習慣於做某事 12.seem to do sth 好像做某事

13.keep on doing sth 繼續做某事 14.mind doing sth 介意做某事

語法點

1.詢問某人的健康問題及遇到麻煩的表達 方法

2.情態動詞should的用法

3.不定代詞的用法

精細解讀

1. What』s thematter (with you)? 怎麼了?出什麼事了?

What』s the trouble/ the problem /wrong with sb./ sth.?

2. I had a cold.我感冒了。

have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu感冒 have afever發燒 have a cough咳嗽

have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼 have a toothache牙疼 have a headache頭疼

3. 身體部位+ache(疼痛)構成新的復合詞

stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache後背痛

4. much too+形容詞或副詞,意為太。。。,too much+不可數名詞,意為太多。。。。

5. enough【形容、副詞】足夠的/地,enough放在名詞後,形副後。

good enough足夠好,enough money足夠的錢

6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺著,過去式lay;lie說謊,過去式lied

7. maybe 「或許」,常用於句首,表示可能性,後加 句子 。Maybe you are right.

may be,是情態動詞+be的結構,意為「可能,也許」,後加名詞、代詞或形容詞。He may be angry.

8. sound like+名詞代詞和從句:It sounds like you don』t know thetruth. It sounds like agood idea.

sound+形容詞,「聽起來,好像」,The musicsounds nice.

9. need 需要,實義動詞need+名詞,需要某物;

need to do sth.需要做某事,主語通常是人,表示人主動的動作:You need to listen carefully ring class.

need doing sth.主語通常是物,表示被動的動作:Your dirty clothes need washing.

10. get off (the bus) 下(公交車) get on 上車

11. agree 同意,贊同;同意做某事agree to do ,同意某人的看法、觀點agree with sb。

12. trouble問題,麻煩;be in trouble 陷入困境,make trouble 製造麻煩 ,have trouble(in) doing sth. =have difficulties (in) doing sth 做某事有困難 。

13. right away=right now=at once,意為 立刻,馬上 。

14. run out用完,用盡 When his water run out, he knew thathe would have to do something to save his own life.

物sth. run out. 某物用盡了。 人sb. run out of sth..人用盡了某物。He run out of all his money last night.

15. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒險去做某事 take a risk=take risks 冒險

16. the importance of (doing) sth.(做)某事的重要性 We students should know the importance of (learning) English.

importance n. 重要(性), important adj.重要的,unimportant adj.不重要的

17. decision 【名詞】決定;抉擇; make a decision 做決定

18. be in the control of …掌管,管理 The headmaster is in the control of this new school.

be out of control無法控制,無法管理

八年級下冊英語知識歸納2

Unit 2I』ll help to clean the city parks

短語歸納

1.clean up 打掃干凈 2.cheerup (使)變得更高興;振奮起來

3.give out 分發 4.used to 曾經......;過去........

5.give away 贈送;捐贈 6.set up 建立;設立

7.make a difference有作為 8.come up with 想出

9.put off 推遲 10.put up 張貼

11.call up 打電話給 12.help out 幫助.....擺脫困難

13.care for 照顧;照看 14.giveup 放棄

15.try out for 參加選拔 16.come true 實現

17.run out of 用光 18.take after 與.....相像

19.fix up 修理 20.be similiar to 與......相似

用法歸納

1.need to do sth 需要做某事 2.make plan to do sth 制定計劃做某事

3.ask sb (not ) to do sth 要求某人(不要)做某事

4.used to dosth 過去常常做某事 5.decide to do sth 決定做某事

6.help sb(to)do sth 幫助某人做某事 7.makea difference to 對......產生影響

8.make itpossible for sb to do sth 使得做某事對某人來說是可能的

拓展鏈接

動詞+副詞短語

cheer up 使高興起來 clean up 打掃干凈 put up 張貼 mix up 修理

give away 贈送 give out 分發 give up 放棄 use up用光 get up 起床

hand in 上交 put off 推遲 pick up 撿起 think over 仔細思考 turn down 關小音量

set up 建立 set off 出發 look out 小心

動詞+介詞短語

look after 照顧 belong to 屬於 take after 與....相像 hear from 收到.....來信

hear of 聽說 pay for 支付 wait for 等待

動詞+副詞+介詞 短語

get out of 避免 come up with 想出 catch up with 追上趕上look forward to 期待盼望

go on with 繼續

動詞+名詞 短語

have a rest 休息一下 take a walk 散步 make mistakes 犯錯 have a try 試一下

take place 發生 tell a lie 撒謊 make a decision 做決定

動詞+名詞+介詞短語

have a lookat 看一看 make a friend with 與.....交朋友pay attentionto 注意 make fun of 取笑

Be+形容詞+介詞短語

be late for 遲到 be angry with 生氣 be fond of 喜歡 be good at 擅長

be good for 對...有好處 be short of 缺乏 be similiar to與......相似

be strict with 對......嚴格要求 be poundof 驕傲自豪

語法點

動詞不定式歸納

只跟動詞不定式做賓語的動詞

決心學會有希望( decide,learn,wish,hope)

同意計劃莫假裝(agree,plan,pretend)

忘記拒絕會失望(forget,refuse,fail)

准備設法來幫忙(prepare,try,manage,help)

提供請求負擔起(offer,beg,afford)

記得阻止理應當(remember stop,be supposed)

八年級下冊英語知識歸納3

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?

短語歸納

1.do the dishes 洗餐具 2.take out the trash 倒垃圾 3.at least 至少

4.throw down扔下 5.all the time 一直;反復

6.in surprise 驚訝地 7.as soon as 一......就......

8.spend......on......在......花費(時間、金錢、精力)

9. in order to 為了 10.provide sth for sb 向某人提供某物

11.depend on 依賴;信賴 12.look after 照顧;照看

13.take care of 照顧 14.as a result 結果

用法歸納

1.finish doing sth 做完某事 2.want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

3.try (not) to do sth 盡力(不)做某事 4.let sb do sth 讓某人做某事

5.spend......(in) doing sth 花費......做某事

6.mind doing sth 介意做某事 7.learn to do sth 學習做某事

8.learn how to do sth 學習怎樣做某事

9.The +比較級,the+比較級 越......,就越.....

語法點

情態動詞could 的用法

表示請求與准許,could 委婉有禮貌;

表示能力會不會,could只把過去表

八年級下冊英語知識歸納4

Unit 4why don』t you talk to your parents?

短語歸納

1.too much太多(修飾不可數名詞) 2.hangout 閑逛

3.too many 太多(修飾可數名詞復數) 4.get into a fight 爭吵

5.call sb up 給某人打電話 6.talk about 談論

7.look through 瀏覽 8.give back 歸還

9.be angry with sb 生某人的氣 10.a big deal 重要的事情

11.work out 解決;算出 12.get on with sb 與某人和睦相處

13.communicate with sb 與某人交流 14.be worried about 擔心.....

15.be afraid of 害怕..... 16.in front of在...前面

17.not... any more 不再... 18.so much/many 那麼多

19.compete with sb 與某人競爭 20.cut out刪除;刪去

21.all kinds of 各種各樣 22.compare....with.....比較;對比

23.in one』s opinion 依...看 24.turn down 調小

用法歸納

1.allow sb to do sth 允許某人做某事 2.why don』t you do sth?為什麼不做某事呢?

3.why not do sth ?為什麼不做某事呢? 4.find sb doing sth 發現某人在做某事

5.tell sb to do sth 告訴某人做某事 6.refuse to do sth 拒絕做某事

7.let sb do sth 讓某人做某事 8.offer to do sth 主動提供做某事

9.not....until....直到....才... 10.it』stime to do sth 該做某事了

11.it +adj+to do sth 做某事是.....的 12.keep on doing sth 繼續做某事

13.what do you think of...?你認為....怎麼樣?

語法點

1.Why don』t you+V.......?等提出建議的句型及常用的答語

2.連詞until,so that 以及although 引導的狀語從句

八年級下冊英語知識歸納5

Unit5what were you doing when the rainstorm came?

短語歸納

1.wait for 等待 2.look for 尋找

3.go off (鬧鈴)發出聲音 4.take a shower 洗澡

5.pick up 接電話;撿起 6.make sure 確信;務必

7.have fun 玩的開心 8.fall asleep入睡;睡覺

9.die down 逐漸變弱;逐漸消失 10.wake up 醒來;叫醒

11.in a mess 亂七八糟 12.take photos 照相

13.turn on 打開 14.in silence 沉默地;無聲地

15.take down摧毀;拆卸;記下 16.tell the truth 說實話

17.point out 指出 18.go away 消失

19.as well 也

用法歸納

1.be busy doing sth/be busy with sth 忙於(做)某事

2.see sb /sth doing sth 看見某人或某物正在做某事

3.begin/start to do sth 開始做某事

4.try to do sth 努力去做某事

5.have trouble(in)doing sth做某事有困難

語法點

過去進行時

過去進行最好記,was/were+doing

特定時間有暗示,過去某刻某時段

肯定主語在句首,一般問句Be提前

否定句式更簡單,Be後只把not添


八年級下冊英語知識點歸納相關 文章 :

★ 初二英語下冊各章節知識點歸納

★ 八年級下冊英語重點知識匯總

★ 八年級下冊英語知識點總結

★ 八年級英語下冊知識點筆記

★ 人教版八年級下冊英語知識點總結

★ 初二英語下冊英語語法知識總結

★ 八年級下冊英語知識點

★ 2017八年級下冊英語重點知識點總結

★ 八年級英語下冊知識總結

⑦ 八年級英語下冊第二單元知識點

英語是世界第一大語言,學好英語對以後工作、生活都很重要。下面由我為你提供的八年級英語下冊第二單元知識點,希望能幫到你。

八年級英語下冊第二單元知識點: 短語動詞小結

常見短語動詞結構有下面幾種:

1.動詞+副詞 如:give up 放棄 turn off 關掉 stay up 熬夜

這種結構有時相當於及物動詞,如果其賓語是代詞,就必須放在動

詞和副詞之間,如果是名詞,則既可插在動詞和副詞之間,也可放

在短語動詞後。

2. 動詞+介詞 如:listen of 聽 look at 看 belong to 屬於

這種結構相當於及物動詞,後面跟賓語。

3. 動詞+副詞+介詞 如:come up with 提出,想出

run out of 用完,耗盡

4. 動詞+名詞(介詞) 如:take part in參加 catch hold of 抓住

1.cheer (sb.) up 使(某人)高興、振作 如:cheer me up 使我高興

clean up 打掃 clean-up n. 打掃

2. homeless adj. 無家可歸的 a homeless boy 一個無家可歸的男孩home n. 家

4. sick adj. 生病的 作表語、定語

ill adj. 生病的 作表語 ,不能作定語

5. volunteer to do v. 志願效勞、主動貢獻

volunteer n. 志願者

6. come up with 提出 想出 === think up 想出

catch up with 趕上 追上

7. put off doing 推遲做某事

put on 穿上 (指過程)

put up 張貼

8. write down 寫下 記下

9. call up 打電話

make a telephone call 打電話

10. set up 成立 建立

The new hospital was set up in 2000. 這座醫院是在2000年成立的。

11. each 每個 各自的 強調第一個人或事物的個別情況 常與of 連用

every 每個 每一個的 一切的 則有“全體”的意思不能與of 連用

12. put …to use 把… 投入使用,利用

They put the new machine to use. 他們把新機器投入使用

13. help sb. (to) do 幫助某人做某事 help him (to) study

help sb. with sth. 幫助某人做某事 help him with English

help do 幫助做某事 help study

14. plan to do 計劃做某事

plan + 從句

I plan to go to Beijing. === I plan (that) I will go to Beijing.

我計劃去北京。

15. spend … doing 花費…做… I spent a day visiting Beijing.

我花了一天的時間去參觀北京。

spend… on sth. 花費…在… I spent 3 years on English.

16.not only … but (also) … 不但… 而且… 用來連接兩個並列的成分

(1)引導以 not only …but (also)… 開頭的句子往往引起部分倒裝。

因此 ⑴Not only do I feel good but (also)…. 是倒裝句。也是說得要

把前面的句子中的助動詞或者是情態動詞放在主語的前面。如:

①Not only can I do it but (also) I can do best.

我不僅能做到而且做得最好。

⑵Not only…but (also)… 接兩主語時,謂語動詞隨後面的主語人稱和數的變化 也就是就近原則如:

①Not only Lily but (also) you like cat. 不僅莉莉而且你也喜歡貓。

②Not only you but (also) Lily likes cat. 不僅你而且莉莉喜歡貓。

常見的就近原則的結構有:

①Neither… nor…即不…也不… (兩者都不)Neither you nor I like him. 我和你都不喜歡他。

②Either… or… 不是…就是… (兩者中的一個)Either Lily or you are a student.

③Not only …but (also)…

④There be

17. join 參加 (指參加團體、組織) 如:join the Party 入黨

take part in 參加 (指參加活動) 如:

take part in sports meeting 參加運動會

18. run out 與 run out of

①run out (become used up). 其主語往往為物。如時間,食物,金錢,油等,本

身就含有被動意義。

His money soon ran out. 他的錢很快就花光了。

My patience has completely run out. 我沒有一點耐心了。

Our time is running out. 我們剩下的時間不多了。

②run out of 主語為人,表示主動含義。

He is always running out of money before pay day. 他總是在發工資的日子還沒有到就把錢花完了。

兩者在一定條件下可以互換

如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了

= We are running out of petrol. 我們快把汽油用完了。

Our time is running out. 我們剩下的時間不多了。= We are running out of time

19. take after (在外貌、性格等方面)與(父母等)相像

be similar to 與..相像 take after 相像

look after 照顧 take care of 照顧

20. work out v. + adj.

①結局,結果為

The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他提出的這個策略效果很好。

②算出,制訂出,消耗完(精力等)

He never seems to be worked out. 他好像永遠不會疲乏似的。

He worked out a plan. 他制訂了一個計劃。

I have worked out our total expenses. 我已經算出了我們總的費用。

21. hang out 閑盪 閑逛

I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜歡和我的朋友一起去購物中心閑盪。

22. be able to do 能 會

be unable to do 不能 不會

23. thank you for doing 謝謝做某事 如:

thank you for helping me 謝謝做幫助我

24. for sure 確實如此,毫無疑問

You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你沒有錢,這是毫無疑問的。

25. fill… with… 使…充滿… 用…填充…

She filled the bowl with water. 她用水填滿碗。

26. like prep. 像…

27. help sb. out 幫助…做事,解決難題(擺脫困境)

I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out.

我不能算出這道數學問題,請你幫我解決。

28. train n. 火車 train v. 訓練

train sb. to do. 訓練某人做某事

She trains her dog to fetch things. 她訓練她的狗去取東西。

29. at once == right away 立刻 馬上 如:

Do it at once. 馬上去做。

I’ll go there at once/ right away. 我馬上去那裡。

30. one day 有一天 (指將來/過去) some day 有一天(指將來) 如:

One day I went to Beijing. 有一天我去了北京。

Some day I’ll go to Beijing. 有一天我將去北京。

31. specially adv. 特意地 專門地 特別地 special adj. 特別的

32. donation n. 捐贈物 donate v. 捐贈 贈送

33. part of speech 詞性 詞類

34. disabled adj. 肢體有殘疾的 disable v. 不能

35. hand out 分發 hand out bananas

give out 分發 give out sth to sb. 分….給某人

give up doing 放棄… give up smoking 放棄吸煙

give away 贈送 捐贈 give away sth. to …. give away money to kids

give sb. sth. 給某人某東西 give me money 給我錢

give sth. to sb. 給某人某東西 give money to me 給我線

36. volunteer ①可數名詞 “志願者” ②adj. 自願的

vi. volunteer to do sth

They are the Chinese People’s Volunteers. 他們是中國人民志願軍。

I volunteer to help you. 我自願幫助你。

37. no longer = not … any longer 指時間上不再延續。

no more = not … any more 指動作上不再延續。

八年級英語下冊第二單元知識點:短語

1.clean up 清掃

2.give out 分發,發放

3.cheer up=make…happier 使...高興,使...振作

4.after school study program 課外學習班

5.come up with=think up 提出,想出

6.put off 推遲

7.write down 寫下,記下

8.put up 張貼

9.hand out 分發,發放

10.call up 打電話

11.ser up=establish 建立

12.be home to sb 是某人的家園

13.volunteer one’s time to do sth 自願花時間干...

14.put…to use… 把...投入使用

15.elementary school 小學

16.plan to do sth 計劃干...打算干

17.coach a football team for kids 訓練少年足球隊

18.start a Chinese History club 開辦一個中國史俱樂部

19.run out of 用完,耗盡

20.take after 在性格或長相方面與父母相象

21.fix up 修理

22.give away 捐贈

23.be similar to 與...相似

24.ask for 索要

25.a call-in center for parents 家長熱線

26.hang out 閑盪

27.put up signs asking for singing jobs 張貼尋求唱歌工作的廣告

28.run out of money for singing lessons 學唱歌的錢用完了

29.disabled people 殘疾人

30.for sure 確實如此,毫無疑問

31.fill…with... 用...填充... be full of 裝滿了...

32.help...out 幫助...做事,解決難題(擺脫困境)

33.a specially trained dog 一隻經過特殊訓練的狗

34.train sb to do sth 訓練某人干...

35.fetch my book 把我的書拿來

36.part of speech 詞性

八年級英語下冊第二單元知識點:句子

1.We can’t put off making a plan. Clean-up Day is only two weeks from

now. 我們不能推遲制訂計劃,清潔日離現在只有兩周了。

2.She puts this love to good use by working in the after-school care centre at her local elementary school.她在當地的一所小學的課後輔導中心工作,使這個愛好得到較好的利用

3.Not only do I feel good about helping other people, but I get to spend time doing what I love to do. 幫助別人不但自己感到快樂,而且我開始花時間做自己喜歡做的事了。

4.The three students plan to set up a student volunteer project at heir school. 這三個學生計劃在他們校開展一個學生志願者項目。

5.He also put up some sign asking for old bikes.他還貼了一些需求舊自行車的告。

6.The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 幾米想出的這個辦法很效。

7.He did a radio interview. 他接受了電台的采訪。

8.We need to come up with a plan. 我們需要指定一個計劃。

9.You could help clean up the city parks. 你可以幫助打掃城市公園。

10.He now has sixteen bikes to fix up and give away to children who

don’t have bikes. 他現在有16輛要修理的自行車,並准備把這些修好的自行車贈送給那些沒有自行車的孩子。

⑧ 初二下冊英語語法知識點歸納

英語一直是我們學習的難題,主要是英語語法沒有學好,那麼應該怎麼學好英語語法呢?下面是我分享給大家的初二下冊英語語法知識點,希望大家喜歡!
初二下冊第一單元英語語法知識點
語法:1.復習一般過去時;2.學習不定代詞和不定副詞的用法。

2.不定代詞和不定副詞的用法:

(1)左邊的some、any、every、no與右邊的body、one、thing構成不定代詞,some、any、every、no與右邊的疑問副詞where構成不定副詞;

(2)一般情況下以some開頭的不定代詞和不定副詞用於肯定句,以any開頭的不定代詞和不定副詞用於否定句、疑問句;以no開頭的不定代詞和不定副詞表示否定含義(no one為兩個單詞);

(3)不定代詞或不定副詞和形容詞連用時,形容詞放在後面。

He has something important to do.他有重要的事情要做。(肯定句用something,形容詞important放後)

Did you buy anything special? (一般疑問句用anything,形容詞special放後)

Did you go anywhere interesting last month?上個月你去令人感興趣的地方了嗎?

(一般疑問句用不定副詞anywhere,形容詞interesting放後)

(4)不定代詞和不定副詞做主語時,後面的動詞用單數形式。Everone is here today.今天每個人都在這里。

本單元的短語和知識點:

1. go on vacation去度假 go to the mountains 上山/進山

2.stay at home呆在家go to the beach去海灘 visit museums 參觀博物館 go to summer camp去參觀夏令營 3. study for tests為考試而學習\備考 go out出去

4. quite a few相當多,不少(後跟可數名詞復數)take photos照相 most of the time大部分時間 5.buy sth for sb = buy sb sth為某人買某物 6. taste good. 嘗起來很好

taste(嘗起來)、look(看起來)、sound(聽起來)為感官動詞,後跟形容詞

7.have a good\great\fun time過得高興,玩得愉快(=enjoy oneself) 8. go shopping去購物 9. nothing…but+動詞原形:除了……之外什麼都沒有

He had nothing to do at home but read yesterday.昨天他在家除了讀書無事可做。

10. seem to do sth:好像… I seem to know him.我好像認識他。

seem+(to be)+形容詞:看起來…The work seems(to be)easy.這工作看起來很容易。

11.keep a diary記日記

12. in+大地方:達到某地 (get to +地方:達到某地)

arrive at+小地方:達到某地 (get的過去式為got)

若是arrive和get後跟home、there、here三個地點副詞,後面的介詞in\at\to必須去掉。

Tom got home yesterday evening=Tom arrived home yesterday evening.昨晚湯姆到家。

13.decide to do sth:決定做某事 14. try doing sth.嘗試做某事try to do sth.盡力去做某事

15. feel like給…的感覺;感受到 16. in the past 在過去 walk around四處走走

enjoy doing sth:喜歡做某事 difference(名詞,差異,差別)---- different(形容詞,不同的)

18.start doing sth:開始做某事 (= start to do sth)

19.19.over an hour一個多小時 (over超過,多餘 = more than)

20. too many 太多,後接可數名詞復數。 too much 太多,後跟不可數名詞,修飾動詞作狀語。

much too 太,後跟形容詞或副詞 , 分辨三者的口訣: too much much too, 用法區別看後頭:much 後接不可數,too 後修飾形或副。too many 要記住,後面名詞必復數。

21. because of 因為,後接名詞、代詞或動名詞(即動詞+ing),不能接句子。

because因為,後跟句子。

He was late for school because of getting up late.他因為起晚而上學遲到。(get為動詞)

= He was late for school because he got up late.

22. enough(足夠的)與名詞連用,一般放在名詞前He has enough money .

23. enough(足夠的)與形容詞或副詞連用,enough放在後面。He is old enough to go to school.

24. doing sth.忘記已經做過某事(已經做完)

Forget to do sth.忘記去做某事(還未做)(forget的過去式為forgot)

25. so+形容詞+that+句子:如此…以至於…

too+形容詞+to do sth:太…以至於不能…

形容詞+enough to do sth:足夠…能夠做某事(注意三個句型有時可以互換)

He is so young that he can′t go to school.= He is too young to go to school.

= He isn′t old enough to go to school.
初二下冊第二單元英語語法知識點
語法:1.復習一般現在時;2.學習表示頻率副詞的用法。

主要頻率副詞的等級排序:always(總是) > usually (通常) > often(經常) > sometimes(有時) > hardly ever(很少) > never(從不)

這些副詞在句子中的位置,一般放在助動詞、be動詞或情態動詞之後,行為動詞之前。即:“行”前“助(系)”後。 Peter is always late for school. Peter上學總是遲到。

I usually do my homework in the evening. 我通常在晚上做作業。

提問 always, sometimes, twice a day 等頻率副詞,用 How often

I watch TV every day.我每天都看電視→How often do you watch TV?(你多長時間看一次電視?)

本單元的短語和知識點:

1.on weekends在周末 go to the movies去看電影 help with housework幫助做家務 how often多久一次 hardly ever幾乎從不

2.once a week每周一次 twice a week每周兩次 every day每天 use the Internet用互聯網

be free有空 Are you free on weekends?你周末有空嗎?

4.stay up late熬夜at least至少go to bed early早點睡覺play sports進行體育活動

5.after school 放學後 6.want sth:需要某物 He wants a new pen.他想要一支新鋼筆。

want to do sth:想做某事 He wants to watch TV after school.放學後他想去看電視。

want sb to do sth:讓某人做某事 My mother wants me get up early.媽媽讓我早起。

7.be good for對……有好處 be bad for 對……有害處

8. play computer games打電子游戲 go camping去野營 9.ask sb about sth:問某人某事 My parents often ask me about my study.我的父母經常問我的學習情況。

10. in one’s spare time在某人業余時間He studies English in his spare time.11.(P13,2b)”數字+percent of+名詞”做主語時,後面的單詞取決於名詞的情況。若名詞為復數,後面的動詞用復數形式;若名詞為單數或不可數名詞,後面的動詞用單數形式。

In our class ,twenty of students are boys. Thirty of water is dirty.

12.not…at all:一點兒也不 (not構成否定句)I don’t like the movie at all.

13.go online上網=surf the Internet 14.the answer to+名詞:…的答案

16.the (best) way to do sth: 做某事的(最好)方式

The best way to learn English is speaking English.學習英語的最好方法是說英語.

17.such as比如 (後跟名詞或名詞短語)for example 例如(後跟句子)

He likes fruits,such as apples,bananas and so on.他喜歡水果,例如蘋果、香蕉等。

He has some good ways to study English,for example ,he often listens to tapes.

19.more than (=over)超過,多餘 go to the dentist去看牙醫
初二下冊第三單元英語語法知識點
語法:學習形容詞比較級。

本單元的短語和知識點:

1.play+the +樂器 play the drums打鼓 比較play +球類 play basketball打籃球

both…and…兩者都(後面的動詞用復數形式) Both Tom and Jim are students.

3.be good at+名詞\代詞\V ing:擅長,在某方面做得好

7.be like:像… The books are like friends.書像朋友。

8.make friends (with sb):(和某人)交朋友 enjoy doing sth:喜歡做某事

9.be different from與…不同 My brother is different from me.我弟弟與我不一樣。

10.help sb to (do) sth:幫助某人做某事

常與help sb with sth(在某方面幫助某人)互換 He often helps me (to) learn English.他經常幫助我學習英語。= He often helps me with my English.他經常在英語方面幫助我。

help (to) do sth:幫助做某事He often helps( to)cook at home.他經常在家幫助做飯。

13.be good with sb:與某人相處很好 14.information (n.消息,信息)不可數名詞

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⑨ 人教版八年級下冊英語知識點總結

想像力比知識更重要。因為知識是有限的,而想像力是無限,它包含了一切,推動著進步,是人類進化的源泉。下面我給大家分享一些人教版 八年級 下冊英語知識點,希望能夠幫助大家,歡迎閱讀!

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點1

Unti1 what』s the matter?

短語 歸納

1.too much 太多

2.lie down 躺下

3.get an X-ray 做個X光檢查

4.take one 』s temperature 量體溫

5.put some medicine on ......在....上敷葯 6.have a fever 發燒

7.take breaks /take a break 休息

8.without thinking twice 沒多想

9.get off 下車

10.take sb to the hospital 送某人去醫院

11.wait for等待

12.to one』s surprise 使.......驚訝的

thanks to多虧於;由於

14.in time及時

15.think about 考慮

16.have a heart problem患有心臟病

17.get into the trouble 遇到麻煩

18.do the right thing做正確的事情事情

19.fall down 摔倒

20.put ...... on sth把...放在某物上

21.get hit/sunburned 摔傷/燒傷

22.be interested in 對.....感興趣

23.be used to 習慣於....

24.take risks/take a risk 挑戰

25.lose one』s life 失去生命 !

26.because of 因為

27.run out of 用完

28.cut off 切除

29.get out of 從...出來

30.make a decision/decisions 做決定

31.be in control of 掌管;管理

32.give up 放棄

用法歸納

1.need to do sth .需要去做某事

2.see sb doing sth 看見某人正在做某事

3.ask sb sth 詢問某人某事

4.expect sb to do sth 期望某人做某事

5.agree to do sth 想要做某事

6.help sb (to) do sth 幫助某人做某事

7.want to do sth 想要做某事

8.tell sb to do sth 告訴某人做某事

9.have problems(in) doing sth 做某事有困難 10.use sth to do sth用某物去做某事

11.be/get used to doing sth 習慣於做某事 12.seem to do sth 好像做某事

13.keep on doing sth 繼續做某事

14.mind doing sth 介意做某事

語法點:

1.詢問某人的健康問題及遇到麻煩的表達 方法

2.情態動詞should的用法

表示勸告與建議,也表義務與責任

第一人稱問句中,征詢建議要記清

3.不定代詞的用法

重點句型解讀:

1. What』s the matter (with you)? 怎麼了?出什麼事了?

What』s the trouble/ the problem / wrong with sb./ sth.?

2. I had a cold.我感冒了。

have a cold=catch a cold=have the flu 感冒

have a fever 發燒

have a cough咳嗽

have a stomachache胃疼,肚子疼

have a toothache牙疼

have a headache頭疼

3. 身體部位+ache(疼痛)構成新的復合詞

stomach+ache=stomachache head+ache=headache tooth+ache=toothache back+ache=backache後背痛

4. much too+ 詞,意為 ,too much+ 詞,意為 。

5. enough【形容、副詞】足夠的/地,enough放在名前後,形副後。

good enough足夠好,

enough money=money money

6. lie down躺下, lie 躺,躺著,過去式lay;lie說謊,過去式lied

7. maybe 「或許」,常用於句首,表示可能性,後加 句子 。Maybe you are right.

may be,是情態動詞+be的結構,意為「可能,也許」,後加名詞、代詞或形容詞。He may be angry.

8. sound like+名詞代詞和從句:

It sounds like you don』t know the truth. It sounds like a good idea.

sound+形容詞,「聽起來,好像」,The music sounds nice.

9. need 需要,實義動詞need+名詞,需要某物;

need to do sth.需要做某事,主語通常是人,表示人主動的動作:

You need to listen carefully ring class.

need doing sth.主語通常是物,表示被動的動作:Your dirty clothes need washing.

10. get off (the bus) 下(公交車) get on 上車

11. agree 同意,贊同;同意做某事 ,同意某人的看法、觀點 。

12. trouble問題,麻煩 ;

be in trouble ,make trouble ,

have trouble (in) doing sth.

=have difficulties (in) doing sth 。

13. right away=right now=at once,意為 。

14.【復習】 advice [不可數名詞]勸告,建議,向…徵求意見 ,

give sb. advice on sth.就某事給某人建議;advise [動詞]

advise sb. to do sth.

advise sb. doing sth .

15. 【復習】exercise 動詞意為 ,可數時意為 ,不可數時意為 。

16. hurt 及物動詞,使……疼痛,……受傷,He hurt his leg while exercising.

不及物動詞,……(部位)疼。His leg hurt badly.

17. clean 【動詞】 ,clean the classroom ,【形容詞】 ,cleaner意為 。

18. hit (用手或器具)打;擊打

The boy hit the dog with a stone.

hit sb. on the head/ nose/ back打某人的頭、鼻子、後背,on用在所打較硬的部位;

hit sb. in the face/ eye/ stomach 打某人的臉、眼睛、肚子,in用在所打較軟的部位。

19. be used to sth./ doing sth.習慣於、適應了……、做某事,強調狀態;

His grandpa was used to country life.

Mary is not used to getting up early in the morning.

get/ become used to sth./ doing sth. 「變得習慣,逐漸適應……」強調過程、動作:

It』s difficult for one to get used to another country』s habit.

20. 【復習】free [形容詞]空閑的free time;免費的the drink is for free;自由的I want to become a free bird.

free【動詞】使……解脫,得到自由

He could not free his arm.

21. run out用完,用盡

When his water run out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life.

物sth. tun out. 某物用盡了。

sb. run out of物sth..人用盡了某物。

He run out of all his money last night.

22. risk (sb.) to do sth. 冒險去做某事

take a risk=take risks 冒險

23. the importance of (doing) sth.

(做)某事的重要性

We students should know the importance of (learning) English.

importance n. 重要(性),

important adj.重要的,

unimportant adj.

24. decision 【名詞】決定;抉擇;

make a decision to do sth.= decide to do sth 決定做某事

25. be in the control of …掌管,管理

The headmaster is in the control of this new school.

be out of control無法控制,無法管理

be under control被控制住,在控制之中

26. 【復習】mind意為「介意」

mind doing sth.介意做某事

Would you mind my opening the window?

27. give up (doing) sth. 放棄(做)某事

give up (playing) computer games;

give up後可接名詞、代詞和動詞ing形式,也可不接,如 Never give up easily.

二、重要短語

1. have a cold

2. have a stomachache

3. see sb. do sth.

4. shout for help

5. expect (sb.) to do sth.

6. to one』s surprise

7. thanks to …

8. think about…

9. be interested in sth.

10. lose one』s life

11. save one』s life

12. take a risk=take risks

13. cut off

14. keep on doing sth.

三、重點語法:

【反身代詞】英語中共有八個反身代詞,在使用時應注意和它所指的相應的對象在人稱、性別、數上保持一致。

數 人稱:第一人稱/第二人稱/第三人稱

單數:myself/yourself/himself herself itself

復數:

ourselves/yourselves/themselves

反身代詞的用法:

1. 可用作賓語,指的是賓語和主語表示同一個或同一些的人或事物。

如:Maria bought herself a scarf. We must look after ourselves very well.

2. 可用作表語,指的是表語和主語表示同一個或同一些人或事物。

如:She isn』t quite herself today.

3. 可用作主語或賓語的同位語,常用來加強語氣。

如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow. I met the writer himself last week.

4. 用在某些固定短語當中。

如:look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顧自己

teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自學

enjoy oneself 玩得高興,過得愉快

help oneself to sth 請自用……(隨便吃/喝些……).

hurt oneself 摔傷自己

say to oneself自言自語

leave sb. by oneself把某人單獨留下

buy oneself sth.給自己買……東西

introce oneself 介紹……自己

【提醒】

1. 反身代詞不能單獨做主語,但可以做主語的同位語,起強調作用。如:我自己能完成作業。

(誤)Myself can finish my homework.

(正) I myself can finish my homework.

I can finish my homework myself.

2. 反身代詞表示「某人自己」不能表示「某人的東西」,因為它沒有所有格的形式。表達「某人自己的(東西)」時,須要用one』s own.

如:我用我自己的蠟筆畫畫。

(誤)I』m drawing with myself crayons.

(正) I』m drawing with my own crayons.

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點2

Unit 2 I』ll help to clean the city parks

短語歸納

1.clean up 打掃干凈

2.cheer up (使)變得更高興;振奮起來

3.give out 分發

4. used to 曾經......;過去........

5.give away 贈送;捐贈

6.set up 建立;設立

7.make a difference

8.come up with 想出

9.put off 推遲

10.put up 張貼

11.call up 打電話給

12.help out 幫助.....擺脫困難

13.care for 照顧;照看

14.give up 放棄

15.try out for 參加選拔 1

6.come true 實現

17.run out of 用光

18.take after 與.....相像

19.fix up 修理

20.be similiar to 與......相似

用法歸納

1.need to do sth 需要做某事

2.make plan to do sth 制定計劃做某事

3.ask sb (not ) to do sth 要求某人(不要)做某事

4.used to do sth 過去常常做某事

5.give up +時間+to do sth放棄時間做某事

6.get a feeling of.....有......感覺

7.decide to do sth 決定做某事

8.help sb (to)do sth 幫助某人做某事

9.make a difference to 對......產生影響

10.make it possible for sb to do sth 使得做某事對某人來說是可能的

重點句型:

1. We need to come up with a plan to tell people about the city park clean-up.

我們要相處一個計劃來告訴人們關於這個城市公園清潔日的事。

2.We can』t put off making a plan.我們不能推遲制定計劃了

3.We could put up signs. 我們可以張貼標志牌。

重點短語:

動詞+副詞 短語:

cheer up 使高興起來

clean up 打掃干凈

put up 張貼

mix up 修理

give away 贈送

give out 分發

give up 放棄

use up用光

get up 起床

hand in 上 put off 推遲

pick up 撿起

think over 仔細思考

turn down 關小音量

set up 建立

set off 出發

look out 小心

動詞+介詞 短語:

look after 照顧

belong to 屬於

take after 與....相像

hear from 收到.....來信

hear of 聽說

pay for 支付

wait for 等待

動詞+副詞+介詞 短語:

get out of 避免

come up with 想出

catch up with 追上趕上

look forward to 期待盼望

go on with 繼續

動詞+名詞 短語:

have a rest 休息一下

take a walk 散步

make mistakes 犯錯

have a try 試一下

take place 發生 tell a lie 撒謊

make a decision 做決定

動詞+名詞+介詞 短語:

have a look at 看一看

make a friend with 與.....交朋友

have a word with 與....交談

have a drink of 喝一點

pay attention to 注意

make fun of 取笑

Be+形容詞+介詞 短語:

be late for 遲到

be angry with 生氣

be fond of 喜歡

be good at 擅長

be good for 對...有好處

be short of 缺乏 be similiar to 與......相似

be strict with 對......嚴格要求

be pound of 驕傲 自豪

語法點:動詞不定式歸納

只跟動詞不定式做賓語的動詞

決心學會有希望

( decide,learn,wish,hope)

同意計劃莫假裝

(agree,plan,pretend)

忘記拒絕會失望

(forget,refuse,fail)

准備設法來幫忙

(prepare,try,manage,help)

提供請求負擔起

(offer,beg,afford)

記得阻止理應當

(remember stop,be supposed)

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點3

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?

短語歸納

1.do the dishes 洗餐具

2.take out the trash 倒垃圾

3.go out 外出

4.stay out 呆在外面;不在家

5.help out 幫助做完某事

6.at least 至少

7.throw down扔下

8.all the time 一直;反復

9.in surprise 驚訝地

10.as soon as 一......就......

11.spend......on......在......花費(時間、金錢、精力)

12. in order to 為了

13.provide sth for sb 向某人提供某物

14.depend on 依賴;信賴

15.look after 照顧;照看

16.keep it clean and tidy 保持干凈整潔

17.get into 進入

18.take care of 照顧

19.as a result 結果

用法歸納

1.finish doing sth 做完某事

2.want sb to do sth 想要某人做某事

3.try (not) to do sth 盡力(不)做某事

4.let sb do sth 讓某人做某事

5.spend......(in) doing sth 花費......做某事

6.mind doing sth 介意做某事

7.learn to do sth 學習做某事

8.learn how to do sth 學習怎樣做某事

9.The +比較級,the+比較級 越......,就越.....

語法點

情態動詞could 的用法

表示請求與准許,could 委婉有禮貌;

表示能力會不會,could只把過去表

表示懷疑不相信,could緩和情緒弱

推測可能用could, 虛擬語氣也常用

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點4

Unit 4 why don』t you talk to your parents?

短語歸納

1.too much太多(修飾不可數名詞)

2.hang out 閑逛

3.too many 太多(修飾可數名詞復數)

4.get into a fight 爭吵

5.call sb up 給某人打電話

6.talk about 談論

7.look through 瀏覽

8.give back 歸還

9.be angry with sb 生某人的氣

10.a big deal 重要的事情

11.work out 解決;算出

12.get on with sb 與某人和睦相處

13.communicate with sb 與某人交流

14.be worried about 擔心.....

15.be afraid of 害怕.....

16.in front of在...前面

17.not... any more 不再...

18.so much/many 那麼多

19.compete with sb 與某人競爭

20.cut out刪除;刪去

21.all kinds of 各種各樣

22.compare....with.....比較;對比

23.in one』s opinion 依...看

24.turn down 調小

用法歸納

1.allow sb to do sth 允許某人做某事

2.why don』t you do sth?為什麼不做某事呢?

3.why not do sth ?為什麼不做某事呢?

4.find sb doing sth 發現某人在做某事

5.tell sb to do sth 告訴某人做某事

6.refuse to do sth 拒絕做某事

7.let sb do sth 讓某人做某事

8.offer to do sth 主動提供做某事

9.not....until....直到....才...

10.it』s time to do sth 該做某事了

11.it +adj+to do sth 做某事是.....的

12.keep on doing sth 繼續做某事

13.what do you think of...?你認為....怎麼樣?

語法點

1.Why don』t you+V.......?等提出建議的句型及常用的答語

2.連詞until,so that 以及although 引導的狀語從句

人教版八年級下冊英語知識點5

Unit5 what were you doing when the rainstorm came?

短語歸納

1.wait for 等待 2.look for 尋找

3.go off (鬧鈴)發出聲音

4.take a shower 洗澡

5.pick up 接電話;撿起

6.make sure 確信;務必

7.have fun 玩的開心

8.fall asleep入睡;睡覺

9.die down 逐漸變弱;逐漸消失

10.wake up 醒來;叫醒

11.in a mess 亂七八糟 !

12.in time of difficulty 在困難時期

13.take photos 照相!

14.turn on 打開

15.make one』s way 行走;前行

16.in silence 沉默地;無聲地

17.take down摧毀;拆卸;記下 !

18.tell the truth 說實話

19.point out 指出

20.go away 消失

21.as well 也

21.call out 喊出

用法歸納

1.be busy doing sth/be busy with sth 忙於(做)某事

2.see sb /sth doing sth 看見某人或某物正在做某事

3.begin/start to do sth 開始做某事

4.try to do sth 努力去做某事

5.have trouble(in)doing sth做某事又困難

語法點

過去進行時:

過去進行最好記,was/were+doing

特定時間有暗示,過去某刻某時段

肯定主語在句首,一般問句Be提前

否定句式更簡單,Be後只把not添


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⑩ 八年級下冊英語知識點

作為知識分子,不應該也不會排斥團隊協作和團隊精神,但他在團隊里,是有一個「獨立之人格,自由之思想」的人。下面我給大家分享一些 八年級 下冊英語知識,希望能夠幫助大家,歡迎閱讀!

八年級下冊英語知識1

Unit 1 What』s the matter?

【重點 短語 】

1.have a fever 發燒

2.have a cough 咳嗽

3.have a toothache 牙疼

4.talk too much 說得太多

5.drink enough water 喝足夠的水

6.have a cold 受涼;感冒

7.have a stomachache 胃疼

8.have a sore back 背疼

9.have a sore throat 喉嚨痛

10. take risks 冒險

11.hot tea with honey 加蜂蜜的熱茶

12.see a dentist 看牙醫

13.get an X-ray 拍X 光片

14.take one』 s temperature 量體溫

15.put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷葯

16. give up 放棄

17. sound like 聽起來像

18. all weekend 整個周末

19. in the same way 以同樣的方式

20. go to a doctor 看醫生

21. go along 沿著……走

22. on the side of the road 在馬路邊

23. shout for help 大聲呼救

24. without thinking twice 沒有多想

25. get off 下車

26. have a heart problem 有心臟病

27. to one』 s surprise 另某人驚訝的是

28. thanks to 多虧了 ;由於

29. in time 及時

30. make a decision 做出決定

31. get into trouble 造成麻煩

32. right away 立刻;馬上

33. because of 由於

34. get out of 離開;從……出來

35. keep on doing sth. 繼續或堅持做某事

36. put a bandage on sth. 用綳帶包紮

37. fall down 摔倒

38. feel sick 感到惡心

39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血

40. cut his knee 割傷他的膝蓋

41. put her head back 把她的頭向後仰

42. have problems breathing 呼吸困難

43. mountain climbing 登山運動

44. be used to doing sth. 習慣做某事

45. run out (of) 用完;用盡

46. so that 以便

47. so...that... 如此……以至於...…

48. be in control of 掌管;管理

49. in a difficult situation 在閑境中

【重點句型】

1. What's the matter with you?= What'the trouble with you?

= What's wrong with you? 你怎麼了?

2. What should she do? 她該怎麼辦呢?

3.Should I take my temperature? 我應該量一下體溫嗎?

4.You should lie down and rest. 你應該躺下休息一會兒。

5. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book? 你認為它是來自報紙還是書呢?

6. I think I sat in the same way for too long without moving.我想我以同樣的姿勢一動不動地坐得太久了。

7. She said that the man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. 她說這個人有心臟病應該去醫院。

八年級下冊英語知識2

Unit 2 I 』ll help to clean up the city parks.

【重點短語】

1.Clean-Up Day 清潔日

2. an old people』s home 養老院

3. help out with sth. 幫助解決困難

4. used to 過去常常......

5. care for 關心;照顧

6. the look of joy 快樂的表情

7. at the age of 在......歲時

8.clean up 打掃(或清除)干凈

9. cheer up (使)變得更高興;振奮

10. give out 分發;散發

11. come up with 想出;提出

12. make a plan 制訂計劃

13. make some notices 做些公告牌

14. try out 試用;試行

15. work for 為…工作;為…. 效力

16. put up 建造;舉起;張貼

17. hand out 分發;散發;發給

18. call up 打電話;召集

19. put off 推遲;延遲

20. for example 比如;例如

21. raise money 籌錢;募捐

22. take after 與......相像;像

23. give away 贈送;捐贈

24. fix up 修理 ;修補;解決

25. be similar to 與……相似

26. set up 建立;設立

27. disabled people 殘疾人

28. make a difference 影響;有作用

29. be able to 能夠

30. after-school reading program 課外閱讀項目

【重點句型】

1. The boy could give out food at the food bank. 這個男孩可以在食品救濟站分發食物。

2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now. 清潔日離現在僅僅兩周的時間。

3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturday morning. 每周六上午,他都在一'家動物醫院當志願者。

4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteer after-school reading program. 去年,她決定去參加一個課外閱讀項目的志願者的選拔。

5.You can see in their eyes that they're going on a different journey with each new book. 從他們的眼睛裡你可以看到他們正在進行每本不同的新書之旅。

6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animal hospital until next summer. 我想把我在動物醫院工作的計劃推遲到明年夏天。

7. Most people today are only worried about getting good jobs to make lots of money. 現在的大部分人只是為找一份能掙許多錢的好工作而著急。

8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Luck. 在你的幫助下,我才有可能擁有「幸運兒」。

八年級下冊英語知識3

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?

【重點短語】

1.go out for dinner 出去吃飯

2.stay out late 在外面待到很晚

3.go to the movies 去看電影

4.get a ride 搭車

5.work on 從事

6.finish doing sth. 完成做某事

7.clean and tidy 干凈整潔的

8.do the dishes 洗餐具

9.take out the rubbish 倒垃圾

10.fold your/the clothes 疊衣服

11.sweep the floor 掃地

12.make your/the bed 整理床鋪

13.clean the livng room 打掃客廳

14.no problem 沒問題

15.welcome sb. 歡迎某人

16.come home from school/work放學/下班回家

17.throw down 扔下

18.sit down 坐下

19.come over 過來

20.take sb. for a walk 帶某人去散步

21.all the time 一直;總是

22.all day/evening 整曰/夜

23.do housework 做家務

24.shout back 大聲回應

25.walk away 走開

26.share the housework 分擔家務

27.a comfortable home 一個舒適的家

28.in surprise 驚訝地

29.get something to drink 拿點喝的東西

30.watch one show 觀看一個節目

31.hang out 閑逛

32.pass sb. sth. 把某物傳給某人

33.lend sb. sth. 把某物借給某人

34.get sth. wet 使某物弄濕

35. hate to do sth. 討厭做某事

36.do chores 做雜務

37.help sb. (to ) d o /with sth?幫助某人干某事

38.bring a tent帶頂帳篷來

39.buy some snacks買些小吃

40.go to the store去商店

41.invite sb. to a party邀請某人參加聚會

42.make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事

43.enough stress足夠的壓力

44.a waste of time浪費時間

45.in order to為了

46.get good grades取得好成績

47.mind doing sth. 介意做某事

48.depend on依賴;依靠

49.develop children 』 s independence發展孩子的獨立性

50.look after/take care of 照顧;照看

51.do one』 s part in (doing ) sth. 做某人分內的事

【重點句型】

1.Could you please clean your room? 你能打掃一下你的房間嗎?

2. I have to do some work. 我必須幹些活。

3. Could I use your computer? 我可以用一下你的電腦嗎?

4. She won't be happy if she sees this mess. 如果她看到這樣亂七八糟的話,她會不高興的。

5. For one week, she did not do any housework and neither did I. 整整一周,她什麼 家務活 都不幹了,我也一樣。

6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front of the TV .我一在電視機前坐下,我媽媽就過來了。

7. I hate to do chores. 我不喜歡做雜務。

八年級下冊英語知識4

Unit 4 Why don』t you talk to your parents?

【重點短語】

1.have free time有空閑時間

2.allow sb. to do sth. 允許某人做某事

3.hang out with sb. 與某人閑逛

4. after-school classes課外活動課

5. get into a fight with sb.與某人吵架/打架

6. until midnight直到半夜

7. talk to sb. 與某人交談

8. too many太多

9. study too much學得過多

10. get enough sleep有足夠的睡眠

11. write sb. a letter給某人寫信

12. call sb. up打電話給某人

13. surprise sb. 令某人驚訝

14. look through翻看

15. be angry with sb. 生某人的氣

16. a big deal重要的事

17. work out成功地發展;解決

18. get on with與...相處

19. fight a lot經常吵架/打架

20. hang over籠罩

21. refuse to do sth. 拒絕做某事

22. offer to do sth. 主動提出做某事

23. so that以便

24. mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事

25. all the time一直

26. in future今後

27. make sb. angry使某人生氣

28. worry about sth. 擔心某事

29. one』 s homework抄襲某人的作業

30. be oneself做自己

31. family members

32. spend time alone獨自消磨時光

33. give sb. pressure給某人施壓

34. have a fight with sb. 與某人吵架

35. compete with sb. 與某人競爭

36. free time activities業余活動

37. get better grades取得更好的成績

38. give one』 s opinion提出某人的觀點

39. learn exam skills學習應試技巧

40. practice sports體育訓練

41. cause stress造成壓力

42. cut out刪除

【重點句型】

1. I studied until midnight last night so I didn't get enough sleep. 我昨晚學習到半夜所以睡眠不足。

2. Why don't you forget about it? 你為什麼不忘掉它呢?

3. Although she's wrong , it,s not a big deal. 雖然她錯了,但這並不是什麼大事兒。

4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he's sorry.他應該跟朋友談談以便他能說聲對不起。

5. Maybe you could go to his house. 也許你可以去他家。

6. I guess I could, but I don't want to surprise him. 我想我可以,但我不想讓他感到驚訝。

八年級下冊英語知識5

Unit 5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?

【重點短語】

1.make sure 確信;確認

2.beat against... 拍打……

3. fall asleep 進人夢鄉;睡著

4. die down 逐漸變弱;逐漸消失

5. wake up 醒來

6. in a mess 一團糟

7. break...apart 使……分離

8. in times of difficulty 在困難的時候

9. at the time of 當.......時候

10. go off (鬧鍾)發出響聲

11. take a hot shower 洗熱水澡

12. miss the bus 錯過公交車

13. pick up 接電話

14. bring... together 使……靠攏

15. in the area 在這個地區

16. miss the event 錯過這個事件

17. by the side of the road 在路邊

18. the Animal Helpline 動物保護熱線

19. walk by 走路經過

20. make one』s way to.... 在某人去……的路上

21. hear the news 聽到這個消息

22.important events in history 歷史上的重大事件

23.for example 例如

24.be killed 被殺害

25. over 50 50多(歲)

26. a school pupil 一個小學生

27. on the radio 通過廣播

28.in silence 沉默;無聲

29.more recently 最近地;新近

30.the World Trade Center 世貿中心

31.take down 拆除;摧毀

32.have meaning to 對……有意義

33.remember doing sth. 記得做過某事

34.at first 首先;最初

【重點句型】

1. — What were you doing at eight last night? 昨晚8點你在干什麼?

— I was taking a shower. 我在洗淋浴。

2. When it began to rain, Ben was helping his mom make dinner. 當開始下雨的時候,本正在幫他媽媽做晚飯。

3. — What was Jenny doing while Linda was sleeping? 琳達在睡覺的時候,珍妮正在干什麼?

— While Linda was sleeping, Jenny was helping Mary with her homework. 琳達在睡覺的時候,珍妮正在幫瑪麗做作業。


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